population of kerala

Christians, who account for nearly one-fifth of the population, belong broadly to the Syrian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches as well as to various Protestant denominations. The state is directly exposed to the southwest monsoon, which prevails from July through September, but it also receives rain from the reverse (northeast) monsoon, which blows in October and November. Putting all this together, if the Muslim population becomes 25 million by 2050, then the share of Muslims will cross 50%. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). In 2010, approximately 2.5% of the country’s population was Christian, including members of Scheduled Castes (historically referred to as Untouchables or Dalits) who sometimes identify as Hindu when completing official forms. Idukki with a density of Descending from the rocky highlands westward toward the coastal plain is a stretch of farmlands, with different crops cultivated at different elevations. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Besides, the Malayalee citizens in Malaysia is estimated to be 348,000 in year 2020 whereas the population of the Malayalee expatriates is approximately 2,000. The Malayalis are a group of people of mixed ethnic heritage who speak Malayalam, a Dravidian language; they constitute the majority of the population of Kerala. (estimated). The major food crops are rice, pulses (e.g., peas and beans), sorghum, and tapioca. Therefore, on average, the population each year increases by 0.32688 Million. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population; with a density of 859 persons per km 2, its land is nearly three times as densely settled as the national average of 370 persons per km 2. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of Kerala from 1901 to 2011. While density of population in Tamil Nadu is 555, Karnataka 319, Andhra Pradesh 308, and that of India is 382. Kerala population in 2020 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of … As per details from Census 2011, Kerala has population of 3.34 Crores, an increase from figure of 3.18 Crore in 2001 census. Kerala's people are most densely settled in the coastal region, leaving the east… Over the millennia, there has been much exchange between the two groups. In the 2011 census, the population density of Kerala is 860 persons/sq km up from 819 in 2001, next only to Bihar (1106 up from 881) and West Bengal (1028 up from 903). In the 0-6 year age group, Kerala counted 36.74% of the children as Muslim in the 2011 census. Rolling grasslands are typical of the upland region. Sardines, tunas, mackerels, and prawns are among the principal products of the industry. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Kerala - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The state’s total child population in 2011 was 3,472,955 compared to 3,793,146 in 2001. Govt: Begin surveillance of human population Thousands of birds have died in Kerala (mostly poultry), Himachal Pradesh (mostly migratory birds), and … The climate of Kerala is equable and varies little from season to season. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Second comes Thiruvananthapuram with a population of 33,07,284 people followed by Ernakulam with 32,79,860 people. The fishing population of Kerala as a whole is about 7,70,000 forming 1,59,000 households. Kerala also has tiny Jain, Sikh, Buddhist, and Jewish communities; there is an ancient synagogue in Kochi. Out of this, 7,617,584 are males and 8,314,587 are females. As of 2011 [update] , Thiruvananthapuram is the most populous city in Kerala. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. Kerala is a state in the south-west of India. The population of children between age 0-6 is 574041 which is 13.96% of total population. Agriculture is the state’s main economic activity. Kerala’s density of population as per 2011 census is 860 persons per sq. It is a small state, constituting only about 1 percent of the total area of the country. Kerala's urban population figures to 1,74,55,506 persons which is about one-fourth of the total population. Out of this 8,403,706 are males and 9,051,800 are females whereas urban population in this state is 15,932,171. This diverse natural environment is home to an extraordinary array of wildlife. Kerala is full of coconut trees. Thereafter, census was taken every 10 years. The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in Kerala with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. The major urban centres and industrial complexes include Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode, Kollam (Quilon), Alappuzha (Alleppey), Thrissur (Trichur), and Thalassery (Tellicherry). 19 percent of the total population. The earliest authentic account of census in this part of India is available from the "Geographical and Statistical Memoir of Malappuram is the most populated district and has a population of 41,10,956 people. Thiruvananthapuram is the most densely populated district (1,508) while, Idukki is the least densely populated district (255). Tulu and Kannada is spoken in most parts of the northern district of Kasaragod, adjoining Karnataka. (estimated). More than half of Kerala’s residents, including most of the Malayalis, follow Hinduism. Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. They are referred to collectively as St. Thomas (Mar Thoma) Christians in allusion to the tradition that St. Thomas the Apostle first evangelized the region. Regardless of their sect, these indigenous Christians share a common set of early Christian traditions unique to the Malabar Coast. It is the 13th most populous state in India with an overall population density of 2,200 people per square mile or 860 per square kilometer. Kerala being an agricultural state with an agrarian economy, a good percent of its population is confined to agriculture or other agro base industry. 32.3% and non-workers form 67.7%. Thereafter censuses were taken in Travancore State in 1836 and Cochin State in 1854. The administrators of the British Raj had an abiding interest in ethnography but in post-independence India the policy has been generally to ignore it in censuses.. The state is currently home to about 2.76% of India's total population. The sex-ratio of Malappuram district is around 1098 compared to 1084 which is average of Kerala state. Commercial poultry farming is well developed. Total population of Kerala as per 2011 census is 33,406,061 of which male and female are 16,027,412 and 17,378,649 respectively. The first modern census of Travancore - Cochin was taken in 1875. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles (580 km) along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles (30 to 120 km). Kerala’s principal cash crops are rubber, coffee, and tea, which are cultivated in plantations on the slopes of the foothills, as well as areca nut, cardamom, cashew nut, coconut, ginger, and pepper. Prior to independence, Kerala formed part of, the two Princely States of Travancore and Cochin and of Madras Presidency. Although isolated from the Indian interior by the mountainous belt of the Western Ghats, Kerala has been exposed to many foreign influences via its long coastline; consequently, the state has developed a unique culture within the subcontinent, not only with a diverse religious tradition but also with its own language, Malayalam. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²; its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. The national average is 382 up from 324 ten years ago. Among the more important rivers that flow to the Arabian Sea are the Ponnani (Bharatapuzha), Periyar, Chalakudi, and Pamba. About one-fourth of the population practices Islam, with the Moplah (Mapilla) people of the Malabar Coast constituting the state’s largest Muslim community. That is zero growth. The current population of Kerala is 33 million. So, the population in 2019 as per estimates = 37.6344 Million. Indeed, in parts of the state there are densely populated rural equivalents of urban megalopolises. In addition, Kerala’s woodlands supply industrial raw materials such as bamboo (used in the paper and rayon industries), wood pulp, charcoal, gums, and resins. Updates? Also living in Kerala is a significant minority of Tamils, a neighbouring people of Dravidian ancestry. Along the coast, a linked chain of lagoons and backwaters form the so-called Venice of India. But there are grounds to believe that frequent A Land of Coconut Trees. Kerala stretches for about 360 miles along the Malabar Coast, varying in width from roughly 20 to 75 miles. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). This is followed byMuslims who form 24.7 per cent of the population and Christians who constitute Precipitation averages about 115 inches (3,000 mm) annually statewide, with some slopes receiving more than 200 inches (5,000 mm). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Kerala Population 2020 – 37.96128 Million. Whereas, Thiruvananthapuram with a population density of 1509 persons per sq.km is the most densely populated district in Kerala followed by Alappuzha with 1501 people per sq.km and Kozhikode with 1318 persons per sq.km. As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Kerala, 47.7% people lived in urban regionswhile 52.3% in rural areas. The forests yield valuable timbers such as ebony, rosewood, and teak. Assume that rest of all the religions has only replacement rate of fertility. A second factor would be migration from Kerala to other states in India and to other countries outside India. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious community in the state. From 1881 onwards the constitutional units of Kerala State had census taken at 10 year intervals with the rest of the country. km. just 254 persons per sq.km is the least densely populated district followed by Wayanad with a density of 383 persons. Of the total population of Kerala, working population (main and marginal workers) constitute Kerala, southwestern coastal state of India. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The watery coastal zones of Kerala are interspersed with coconut palm groves, while much of the Western Ghats and riverine areas are covered with rainforests and monsoon forests (tropical deciduous forests). Rural population in Kerala is 1,59,32,171. While only about one-fourth of the population was reported as urban in the early 21st century, such statistics are deceptive because of the close proximity of rural houses, especially in the coastal plain. Malayalam is Kerala's official language and is spoken by at least 96% of the people of Kerala; the next most common language is Tamil, spoken mainly by Tamil workers from Tamil Nadu and the local Kerala Iyers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Wayanad is the least populated district Dam on the Periyar River, Idukki, Kerala, India. Hence, the population of Kerala in the year 2019 is as per estimates is 37.312 Million + 0.3224 Million = 37.6344 Million. 1961. The state has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, among which the Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is the largest. Area 15,005 square miles (38,863 square km). Details about the population of Kerala based on India Census 2011. The population of Kerala in 2020 as per expected figures is 37.6344 Million + 0.32688 Million = 37.96128 Million. By 2011, 12.6% of Kerala’s population is past 60 years, compared to the all India average of 8.6%. The literacy rate of Malappuram district is 80.51% out of which 81.49% … The population of all cities and towns in the State of Kerala by census years. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The city of Chennai has the highest population of Malayalis in a metropolitan area outside Kerala, followed by Bangalore. These cottage industries employ almost 3/5th of Kerala's industrial workers Census Data: According to the census report of 2001, Kerala's total population was about 32 million. Christians are expected to make up 2.2% of India’s population in 2050. A large number of population in Kerala belongs to Malayali ethnicity. the Survey of Travancore and Cochin States" conducted by Lieutenants Ward and Conner during the period 1816-20. Kerala: Total Geographical Area (in Hectares) 17471135: Total Households: 8408054: Total Village Population: 9063081 : Total Village Male Population: 4149641 : Total Village Female Population… Kerala is among the preferred destinations for nature loving tourists from across the world. Omissions? In the eastern part of the state, Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]), the highest peak of peninsular India, crowns the Western Ghats. The total population of the Nair community is disputed, since there has been no caste-based census since 1931. It is bordered by the states of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) to the north and Tamil Nadu to the east and by the Arabian Sea to the south and west; it also surrounds Mahe, a segment of the state of Puducherry, on the northwestern coast. The last census was taken in 2011. Kerala Population 2019 –37.6344 Million. Kerala has an estimated population of 35 million, up from 33.38 million in 2011. 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