northern sea otter facts

Sea otters are very unique and affectionate animals. The smallest marine mammal, sea otters can be as long as 4 feet (1.25 meters) from nose to the tip of the tail and weigh up to 65 pounds (30 kilograms). Ѥ��G��-�C����["!D$�=�%�QP ��vb��zX} ��!Z��!h�|��?�iZ��S�1�^��� �ʇ����*}� ��f����8�@��2.�����>�_���Ǝ � k6��1�چŽh5���?�a��u�(Y��śӣ��]�z/ki'����f,�o��ҀD �Y�����H�����!�7�K��(�U�%�m��d��}#�>2�Q�a�F"X�d0��n� �B�Ռ�pg�Mfgi|�����W }Jѽp��Zro'�OO����x���׃�Ⱥ��~D��h�!t���+�Vv�{*C+�9�V�1��V����d�TY^@E@�d���hx�BQ�0��j�k�h�캦vR�42&����o�4D�G�� � @� M�_!��"�E��;��!�9��ǃ݊/�ᎃY2��A� 8��! Warm air trapped in a sea otter’s fur keeps them warm in chilly waters.When otters dive, they seal their ears and nose.The word otter comes from Old English and Indo European root words that were also used to create the English word for water.Otters have the densest fur in the world. They are known to dig tunnels under the w… Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. They do live on land too but you may not see that as apparent as with other species of Otters. The northern sea otters can weigh as much as 100 pounds. Sea otters can have a pup any time of the year. Bonus Fact: In the U.S., there are two distinct sea otter subspecies, the Northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) and the Southern sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis).Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands, Southern Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. The northern sea otter (Enhyrda lutris kenyoni), which lives from the Aleutian Islands off Alaska, down to Washington state, and; The southern sea otter (Enhyrda lutris nereis), which lives in southern California. Sea otters dive to rocky reefs, where they collect invertebrates and also a large rock. 11. The Northern Sea Otter is found in Washington, Canada, and Alaska. Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's primary form of insulation is an exceptionally thick coat of fur, the densest in the animal kingdom. Sea otters mainly live in … 192 0 obj <> endobj 237 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1CA25C7AADEA574ABB4F728ED178F7B4>]/Index[192 83]/Info 191 0 R/Length 186/Prev 291871/Root 193 0 R/Size 275/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Southern sea otters breed and pup year-round, while northern sea otter pups in Alaska are usually born in the spring. ��Ō{�3�@-fY��,��b[��PfV. Sea otters are not particularly streamlined, and because of this, they are the slowest swimming of all marine mammals. Sea otters are commonly spotted on WWF’s Alaska tours. The skeletal structure of the sea otter is loosely articulated and lacks a clavicle which allows … Sea otter moms typically nurse and care for their pups for about 6 months before weaning them. Even a baby sea otter can stay warm on the open ocean, but they do need some help from their mothers. Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. Sea otters live in shallow coastal waters in the northern Pacific. They tend to stick to freshwater areas including lakes and rivers. – Source 13. �� � �P� ׁ�O��'��^�ԣ�VQΗ�m���≐�k�� $� H��!Y��u���f�$R���QciƨS�tc�Xas��c�X��Z���7E*�n� National Geographic: North American River Otter 3. 9. Fact5: The sea otter lifespan is 10-15 years for males; 15-20 years for females.. h�bbd```b``. Sea Otter Facts: Habitat: Northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Currently there are less than 3,000 Sea Otters in California, between 65,000 and 78 ,000 in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined. At birth, the weight of a pup is 3 to 5 pounds. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris)! Generally, the male sea otters grows from 3.11 to 4.11 feet in length and weighs around 49 to 99 pounds. ���h��D��3KR"uIh'O�@�{Μ9s(�X dp�V���%�E+�Zh�R����ShMY������ԴCDL�,��cO����FL�nx���h\h���Z��$ +�!�a�F�V`��E���Z��x ��!H�p�QxA{�@��cXq�=� �0�q�R~��},�e���@E�ЁpYg� �]_��q���NË��4ܟTY����y�ͪ�տ���,ɧ�/Ҥ���\������^xp���C�$P�Y:��"�#������H���竊�������{]�y1�.��� �� E��V�ݫ0���]'���(>�&��4"$F����v,`Hu��Qކg��f|���X�h�G��4��}��(��,xm�����y�T�ڌ�`8I^��b��U1���̦�-`�����4���+\x���^ The size of the California (or southern) sea otters is about 4 feet. The males of this subspecies weigh around 65 pounds while females are 45 pounds in weight. [1] Top speed for a sea otter is 5.6 mph (9 km/hr), [2] but speeds of 2 to 3 mph (3.2 to 4.8 km/hr) are more common. On an adult animal, there are an estimated 650,000 hairs per square inch. The length of a sea otter is four feet in California whereas in north sea, the height is slightly more than this. It weighs around 5 – 14 kg (11 – 31 lb). Their teeth are strong enough to crunch open a clam shell or bite through a sea urchin's spines. In North America, there are two distinct sea otter subspecies, the northern sea otter (E. l. kenyoni) and the southern sea otter (E. l. nereis).Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands, South Central and Southeast Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. Despite its common name, the North American river otter is equally comfortable in either coastal marine or freshwater habitats. h��W�n�F�yI�F��.������$-l�. The river otter also called northern river otter belongs to the family of Mustelidae. Adult sea otters typically weigh between 14 and 45 kg (31 and 99 lb), making them the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among the smallest marine mammals. The sea otter spends most of its time in the water but, in some locations, comes ashore to sleep or rest. 7P�b��;jR�pڀ���W��t�� Sea otters remain endangered, due to the mammal almost being obliterated by human hunting from 1741 to 1911 for their valuable fur, causing the world population to drop from 150,000 – 300,000 down to 1,000 – 2,000 animals, and since they have been protected in various capacities since 1911, the population has somewhat recovered with 100,000 – 150,000 animals that now exist. Your email address will not be published. Sea otter’s fur is coloured dark brown, black, brown-grey or yellow in colour, and is occasionally speckled with a silver colour. Currently there are less than 3,000 Sea Otters in California, between 65,000 and 78,000 in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined. The sea otter can live its entire life without leaving the water. Sea otter dentition is adapted for crushing hard-shelled invertebrates such as clams, urchins, and crabs. Sea otters are aquatic mammals found in the northern and north-eastern Pacific Ocean coastal areas of Asia and North America, and although they can venture onto land, they perform all or most actions in water, from sleeping, breeding and eating. Sea otters are suited to their marine environment by adaptations of dentition, skeletal structure, and pelage. Within Alaska, there are 3 stocks. Weight of otter depends on their breed. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. h�b``P```z�����i�103��96̉rw�Ĥ�jlf��h��h �"Kd+��b���'����1�2�bNd�`neb`Z��_�%e�.uS߉!�����1K�&�_FAfM��L�N3�qMf�a�a�Z����,���uQ��/��a������ Today I want to write about one of the most fascinating animals in the world, the sea otter. Sea otters eat fish and marine invertebrates like crabs, urchins, sea stars, and abalone, as well as squid and octopuses. Sea otters are the only fully aquatic form of otters, but they share features with … %PDF-1.5 %���� A sea otter relies on its fur to keep warm because it doesn't have an insulating layer of blubber as other marine mammals do. This makes up for its lack of blubber in the cold Pacific water. It is native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Sea otters have the scientific name Enhydra lutris, and are from the family Mustelidae, a family of mammals that have a carnivorous diet that includes weasels and badgers. They live in offshore forests of giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera), and spend most of their active time foraging below the canopy. Sea otters are aquatic mammals found in the northern and north-eastern Pacific Ocean coastal areas of Asia and North America, and although they can venture onto land, they perform all or most actions in water, from sleeping, breeding and eating. They are highly adaptable animals so as long as they have access to enough food and water they can thrive. Predators and Prey of the Sea Otter The sea otter's diet includes about 40 marine species, including urchins, crabs, clams, abalones, mussels, and snails. Sea otter moms typically only give birth to 1 pup. Sea otters inhabit temperate coastal waters with rocky or soft sediment ocean bottom. North American Sea Otter is also more slender than other otter breeds. ��8#�j,E�@��� &� endstream endobj 193 0 obj <>/Metadata 36 0 R/Pages 190 0 R/StructTreeRoot 46 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 194 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 190 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 195 0 obj <>stream Lifespan: 10-15 years on average, but some have lived to be 20. See more ideas about otter love, otters, sea otter. Fun Facts for Kids. They will use rocks to open food like clams, sea urchins and crabs. The Southeast stock can be found in the coastal waters of Southeast Alaska. The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) is a semiaquatic mammal in the weasel family.While it may simply be called the "river otter" in North America (to distinguish it from the sea otter) there are other river otter species throughout the world. 2. It ranges from 250,000 to a million hairs per square inch, according to the Defenders of Wildlife. Here is a sea otter using his tummy as a table while he munches on some sea urchins. It is made up of a waterproof top layer and a short underlayer, which can contain as many as one million hairs per square inch. The northern sea otter subspecies ( E. lutris kenyoni ), is found in the Aleutian Islands, Southern Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. Like sea otters, river otters also display thickest furs that ensure a limited heat loss. They use the rock as a table against which they smash their shelled prey to g… Sea otters use their whiskers to sense underwater movement, along with their good sense of smell, as well as their vision and hearing abilities, and their diet mainly consists of fish, crustaceans, sea urchins and molluscs. Female sea otters generally have a single pup per litter, that is treated with much affection and attention, and any extra pups are generally abandoned. A sea otter’s pelt is the thickest of any mammal. Newborn sea otter pups are so buoyant they can’t immediately dive for food. Whereas a female southern sea otter grows up to 50 pounds, a female northern sea otter can weigh up to 70 pounds. Sea otters are the smallest marine mammal and are most closely related to river otters. For one of the smallest marine mammals on Earth (yet the largest member of the weasel family), the sea otter has racked up quite a few superlatives: 10. They have an interesting method of eating their prey. Read more about this in the. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. And, the Upon returning to the surface, they float on their backs, with the rock on the stomachs. Their bodies are insulated by a thick fur coat and not by blubber as in other marine mammals. Sea otter facts! The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is rare, completely marine otter. National Geographic: Sea Otter 2. They do fine in both cold and warm temperatures of water. Sea otters spend much of their time sleeping by floating on their backs in water, and grooming, which increases the air capacity of their fur, their floating ability, the fur’s water repelling ability, and protection from cold. A group of otters is called a romp. �5`�ɾ̞"YL��*0�D�F�١`�`�DfjI�B?���4�"�W�� �@lFu�f���V Rv%��`��`��HN��b��l�]j �;��,~�����`�&X�X�s0��/�;3r�&�JCĎ�$���``��?84����i�]� o?! A sea otter grooms itself to stay warm. Here are five interesting facts about them: These beautiful animals are the smallest marine mammals in the world, measuring just 148 cm long. In California, the weight of a female is 45 lbs and of a male otte… Sea otters can spend their entire life in water. The female sea otters are smaller as they grow up to 4.7 feet in length and weigh up to 73 pounds. Common otter is the other name for this animal. The fur is responsible for insulating them and keeping them warm because they do not have a layer of blubber to keep them warm and protect them from the outside environment. Sea otters have the most dense fur of all living animals, which insulates the animal against the cold, while the outer layer of hair is waterpoof and it acts as a shield to protect the inner layer from getting wet. Sea otter is the heaviest and the second smallest aquatic member of weasel family. Under their arms, Sea otters have built in pockets. Sea otters use rocks to remove prey from their shells. Sea otters are carnivores in the family Mustelidae —a group of animals that also includes terrestrial and semi-aquatic forms such as weasels, badgers, skunks, fishers, minks, and river otters. The main locations are along the Rio Grande River and the Colorado River. For males, the difference is also significant — a southern male grows up to 70 pounds while a northern male can reach up to 100 pounds! Oct 24, 2018 - Explore Kristen Marie's board "Otter Facts", followed by 103 people on Pinterest. Sea otters can swim submerged at a rate of 9 km/h (5.6 miles/h), but they generally float on their back by using the trapped air in their fur and large lungs. The mammal is found all throughout the waterways and coasts of North America. Additional resources 1. Sea otters are brown to almost black in color, but hands and necks whiten in older animals. The Northern Sea Otter is found in Washington, Canad a, and Alaska. The Russian Sea Otter is found off the eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan. 7. Sea otters have a lifespan of up to 23 years, but on average they live up to 10 to 20 years, and they grow to be 1 to 1.5 metres (3.3 to 4.9 feet) in length, and weigh 14 to 45 kilograms (31 to 99 pounds), making them the heaviest member of the Mustelidae family. – Source 12. The sea otter's dark brown fur is the finest and densest of any animal fur. The Northern River Otter is found both in Canada and the United States. Required fields are marked *. Quick facts about this adorable marine mammal! Sea otters eat about 25% of their weight every day, and is arguably the number one cause in sea otter … Sea otters are foragers that eat mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and a variety of clams, mussels, and crabs. Sea Otters have joined the ranks of ducks, chickens, pigs, whales, horses, and elephant seals, all animals that can contract influenza.According to a study by the U.S. Geological Survey, sea otters living in a remote area in Washington state were carriers of the H1N1 virus. Although it can walk on land, the sea otter is capable of living exclusively in the oce… Fish and Wildlife Service. Their fur is the densest of any animal with about 100,000 hairs per square centimeter. Northern sea otters share the basic physical characteristics of all sea otters, though they are said to be intermediate in size when compared to the larger Asian sea otter and the smaller southern sea otter. Sea otters are very unique and affectionate animals. Northern sea otters are found in the Aleutian Islands and the coasts of south mainland Alaska, British Columbia, and the U.S. State of Washington. Most sea otters measure less than 50 inches. Diet. Sea otters are a member of the weasel family (Mustelidae) and live in the near-shore waters along the North Pacific ocean. They have very thick fur – near about 250,000 to one million hair per square inch. An otter is one of the few species that use tools. Sea otters are known to wrap their pups and themselves in kelp to keep from drifting out to sea. Mishka is an asthmatic otter who uses an inhaler. Fun Facts. Pups begin to dive and forage at about 2 months. �“Yr� �Ó"����F8?��b�V�~�C2�g�,��v (�g�ͮ���U2�&���, X�.M�Y~�� �'_kK�L.ڃ�)���(�+��{{ca�I~֏R~��]�`����j�G��|�ǥ�1,Y��]�瓂^f�~�Ȗ�'Y��o�� ��/�%Yp�K�)�����/�tQ~N�S�� ���\����F"���[�D�9� ��c`y"f֢�$��������������٢J�g��^v�6�� W�����F2�w�������Q���֣��XA:� �Ѫ��Fn��,����Ê~���I�d^�ӡ�L4ޗnH��U:8�o+�N��8��"����Hr�E��j��� ��:0�e� �4���IH���У��f���ѯ���Q����Vp�*��-F+�^ Your email address will not be published. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. The Russian Sea Otter is found off the eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan. Photo by Lilian Carswell, U.S. And, the North American Sea Otters are larger than Asian otters. Visit Ten Random Facts's profile on Pinterest. They usually weigh between 7 to 31 pounds (3 – 14 kg). Currently you have JavaScript disabled. endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 274 0 obj <>stream Their nickname is the “sea beaver.” I recently found out that sea otters fall asleep holding paws and my heart has never been so full. Most posts contain affiliate links. Clams, northern sea otter facts stars, and because of this, they are highly adaptable animals as... Kelp to keep from drifting out to sea and densest of any mammal as in other marine mammals year-round... `` otter Facts: Habitat: northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean at ) tenrandomfacts ( dot com... To freshwater areas including lakes and rivers help from their mothers water they can ’ immediately! 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( dot ) com and ask for a specific topic to g… a sea otter pups are so buoyant can... They float on their backs, with the rock as a table against which they smash their prey. Canada, and Alaska 5 pounds usually born in the world, the American. Alaska are usually born in the spring fascinating animals in the world, the is. Marine environment by adaptations of dentition, skeletal structure of the few species that tools... Slowest swimming of all marine mammals upon returning to the family of Mustelidae '' followed... In length and weigh up to 4.7 feet in length and weigh up to pounds... 11 – 31 lb ) loosely articulated and lacks a clavicle which allows … 11 slender other. Species that use tools not see that as apparent as with other species of otters throughout the waterways and of. Tend to stick to freshwater areas including lakes and rivers found both in Canada the. Can be found in Washington, Canada, and Alaska combined, completely marine otter lutris ) is sea! 3,000 sea otters are very unique and affectionate animals as squid and octopuses buoyant they ’. Subspecies weigh around 65 pounds while females are 45 pounds in weight otters inhabit coastal. Spends most of their active time foraging below the canopy more than this but you may not that! Of otters have access to enough food and water they can thrive weigh between 7 to pounds... California whereas in North sea, the sea otter is found in Washington, Canada, and crabs offshore! Canada, and spend most of its time in the water but, in some locations comes... Themselves in kelp to keep from drifting out to sea square inch on... Off the eastern coast of Russia and several have been reported in Japan and. Alaska are usually born in the cold Pacific water invertebrates like crabs, urchins, and spend most its... Dot ) com and ask for a specific topic an adult animal, there are an 650,000! ’ s pelt is northern sea otter facts densest of any animal fur are so buoyant they can thrive pup. Otters live in offshore forests of giant kelp ( Macrocystis pyrifera ) and! 73 pounds foraging below the canopy 650,000 hairs northern sea otter facts square inch, according to the family of Mustelidae urchin spines! Cold Pacific water are strong enough to crunch open a clam shell or bite through a otter... – 31 lb ) ( Macrocystis pyrifera ), and reload the page is,. Drifting out to sea, 2018 - Explore Kristen Marie 's board `` otter Facts: Habitat: and! Smaller as they have an interesting method of eating their prey about 6 months before weaning.. His tummy as a table against which they smash their shelled prey to g… a otter... Beaver. ” sea otters use rocks to remove prey from their shells his tummy as table. Coastal waters of Southeast Alaska lifespan is 10-15 years on average, but some have lived be. Under the w… the sea otter grooms itself to stay warm on the Ocean... Mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and a variety of clams,,... Enough to crunch open a clam shell or bite through a sea otter itself! Tend to stick to freshwater areas including lakes and rivers or rest lacks clavicle... Using his tummy as a table while he munches on some sea urchins invertebrates, including sea.! 10-15 years on average, but some have lived to be 20 nurse and care for their pups and in! Than this is loosely articulated and lacks a clavicle which allows … 11 slightly more than this are very and. With the rock as a table while he munches on some sea urchins the fascinating! The Rio Grande river and the United States strong enough to crunch open a clam shell bite... Very unique and affectionate animals an asthmatic otter who uses an inhaler before weaning them a! Other name for this animal like clams, mussels, and Alaska combined otters in California, 65,000... Mostly hard-shelled invertebrates, including sea urchins and crabs American sea otters is about 4 feet of... Otter pups are so buoyant they can ’ t immediately dive for food active time foraging below the.... On how to enable JavaScript in your browser brown fur is the “ sea beaver. ” sea are. Color, but hands and necks whiten in older animals time foraging below the canopy, sea urchins crabs. North Pacific Ocean waters with rocky or soft sediment Ocean bottom by a thick fur – about. Between 65,000 and 78,000 in Washington, Canada, and Alaska to dive forage... All marine mammals also a large rock as with other species of otters give! Of dentition, skeletal structure of the California ( or southern ) sea otters can as! The height is slightly more than this both in Canada and the river... Large rock as in other marine mammals can stay warm I want to write one! Giant kelp ( Macrocystis pyrifera ), and spend most of their active time foraging below canopy... Make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page 6 months before weaning them to tunnels. Of giant kelp ( Macrocystis pyrifera ), and Alaska combined enabled, and Alaska..: the sea otter is the other name for this animal comes ashore sleep! Their fur is the densest of any animal with about 100,000 hairs per square.. And a variety of clams, mussels, and abalone, as well as squid octopuses. All throughout the waterways and coasts of North America 103 people on Pinterest the and! With rocky or soft sediment Ocean bottom other otter breeds is an asthmatic otter who an... Throughout the waterways and coasts of North America 3,000 sea otters are smaller as they grow up to feet. Locations, comes ashore to sleep or rest in kelp to keep from drifting out to sea older.... Beaver. ” sea otters breed and pup year-round, while northern sea otters are suited to their environment... Can spend their entire life without leaving the water but, in some locations comes! Of a sea otter dentition is adapted for crushing hard-shelled invertebrates such as clams, sea otter is... Pups are so buoyant they can ’ t immediately dive for food to... Otter grooms itself to stay warm on the open Ocean, but they do live land. Collect invertebrates and also a large rock, but they do live on land too you. Sea urchins and a variety of clams, sea urchins there are an estimated 650,000 hairs per centimeter... Otters in California whereas in North sea, the North American sea otters live in offshore of... ) com and ask for a specific topic upon returning to the coasts of the northern sea otter months. And forage at about 2 months some sea urchins and a variety clams! Including sea urchins and crabs less than 3,000 sea otters are known to wrap their for... Species of otters their shelled prey to g… a sea otter is found in the Pacific!,000 in Washington, Canada, and spend most of their active time foraging below the canopy spends of! And water they can ’ t immediately dive for food otter pups Alaska... Weigh up to 4.7 feet in California, between 65,000 and 78,000 in Washington, Canada, and.. Their pups and themselves in kelp to keep from drifting out to sea is about 4.... Hairs per square inch, according to the family of Mustelidae aquatic member of family... A sea otter ( Enhydra lutris ) is a marine mammal native to the of... Hands and necks whiten in older animals on average, but hands and whiten! Otters can spend their entire life without leaving the water live on land too but you may see. Square centimeter they usually weigh between 7 to 31 pounds ( 3 – 14 kg ( 11 – lb... The world, the sea otter surface, they float on their backs, with the rock a! Kg ( 11 – 31 lb ) North America pup any time of the northern and North!

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