cymbopogon flexuosus uses

Citral and myrcene at high dosages have been shown to induce maternal toxicity in pregnant rats.Fandohan 2008 Lemongrass extracts have demonstrated antimitotic and apoptotic actions and should be avoided in pregnancy.Kumar 2008, Williams 1996, Citral, found in high concentrations in the essential oil of lemongrass, is a potent inducer of glutathione-S-transferaseNakamura 2003 and its constituent beta-myrcene. Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Colmeiro, Miguel: «Diccionario de los diversos nombres vulgares de muchas plantas usuales ó notables del antiguo y nuevo mundo», Madrid, 1871. One hundred and fifty mixed-sex Cobb broiler chicks were used, from one day up to 42 days of age, in a completely randomized design, with five treatments and three replicates of ten birds each. Cymbopogon: nombre genérico que deriva del griego kumbe = (barco) y pogon = (barba), refiriéndose a las muchas aristas y espatas parecidas a un barco. Forzza, R. C. & et al. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (eds.) Sinopsis Floríst. It is also becoming more popular o relieve digestive issues, reduce bodily aches, pains, and high temperatures, and eliminate harmful bacteria. Estado São Paulo 1: i–xxv,. Fl. Se usa comúnmente en infusiones de té, sopas y currys, lo mismo que en pescados y mariscos. En República Dominicana se llama limoncillo, en el Noroeste Argentino se llama por cedrón pasto. C. flexuosus is known as cochin lemongrass, British Indian lemongrass, East Indian lemongrass, or French Indian verbena. Origin: India. Cymbopogon flexuosus Taxonomy ID: 79835 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid79835) current name No debe ser confundida con el cedrón o Aloysa citridora. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) essential oil (LEO 1) has been traditionally used as a remedy for a variety of health conditions. Caswell No. Lemongrass is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) in the United States. Plant Part: Leaves. Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl. Esta página se editó por última vez el 17 dic 2020 a las 14:00. An easy to use hair tonic containing essential oil of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) active against lipophilic yeasts was developed and then evaluated for efficacy and preference. Poaceae. Topical. Lemongrass is an important part of Southeast Asian cuisine, especially as flavoring in Thai food. Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. Pakistan Univ. Edible Uses An essential oil obtained from the plant is highly aromatic with a lemon-like aroma and flavour. [1]​, Tiene un número de cromosomas de: x = 5, o 10. To use lemongrass in aromatherapy, add up to 12 drops of essential oil to 1 teaspoon carrier oil, such as coconut oil, sweet almond oil, or jojoba oil. The base formulation with the significantly highest preference (p < 0.05) was stowed with the oil at 5, 10 or 15%. Mesoamer. 618D. Watson y espublizóse en Himalayan Districts of the North-western Provinces of India 1: 392. Bot. On-line taxonomic novelties and updates, distributional additions and corrections, and editorial changes since the four published volumes of the Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae) published in Contr. Information from clinical trials is lacking to provide dosing recommendations. EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 040502. 1882. Anti-bacterial Antifungal Prevents gastric ulcers Gard. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Fanerogâm. Scientific Name(s): Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Dilute Lemongrass with V-6 Vegetable Oil Complex for massage after workouts, sports, or just a long and busy day. Inflorescencia como un par de racimos cortos, los racimos agregados en una panícula compuesta, falsa, densa, espatácea, terminal, raquis articulado arriba del par basal de espiguillas, aplanado, las espiguillas pareadas, el par basal con las espiguillas similares, sin aristas, estaminadas, los otros pares de espiguillas con una espiguilla sésil bisexual, aristada, y la otra espiguilla pedicelada estaminada o estéril, las 2 más o menos de igual tamaño, las 2 espiguillas y 1 entrenudo del raquis caedizos como una unidad, o la pedicelada desarticulándose; espiguillas sésiles lanceoladas, con 2 flósculos, glumas iguales, coriáceas, ocultadas por los flósculos, la inferior aplanada, carinada lateralmente, los márgenes superiores agudamente inflexos, la superior navicular, carinada hacia el ápice, 1–3-nervia, flósculo inferior estéril, lema inferior enervia, hialina, ciliada, pálea inferior ausente, flósculo superior bisexual, lema superior hialina, profundamente 2-lobada, cortamente aristada desde el seno, pálea superior diminuta o ausente, lodículas 2, estambres 3, estilos 2; espiguillas pediceladas similares a las espiguillas sésiles pero la gluma inferior redondeada, herbácea, pedicelos libres, flósculo inferior ausente, flósculo superior estaminado, lema superior hialina, estambres 3. Recent scientific studies have provided evidence supporting its antimicrobial, antioxidant, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties in several disease models [1] , [2] , [3] , [4] , [5] , [6] . Missouri Botanical Garden. 93: 598–821. Suggested Uses. wats treated textile: A control measure against vector-borne diseases Heliyon. Rare cases of hypersensitivity have been reported. How to use: topical use. 3. Cymbopogon flexuosus COMMON METHOD OF EXTRACTION Steam distilled PARTS USED Grass NOTE CLASSIFICATION Top AROMA Heavy, lemony, green LARGEST PRODUCING COUNTRIES Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Nepal TRADITIONAL USE The oil is widely used as an addition to bug repellants, and for its lemony aroma. Asia y Africa ecuatorial. Luis Cabrera poco después comenta que tiene efectos antiespasmódicos, aperitivos, eupépticos y sirve para la gastroenteritis, y finalmente la Sociedad Farmacéutica de México reitera su uso como antiespasmódico y eupéptico. Fruto una cariopsis; hilo punteado.[2]​. No data. of Karachi, Karachi. Syst. In India, it is commonly used as an antitussive, antirheumatic, and antiseptic. However, clinical trials are lacking to support any uses. However, many strains have a higher concentration of geraniol (50%), with citral (10% to 20%) and methyl eugenol as minor components. Filgueiras, T. S. 2003. If pregnant or under a doctor's care, consult your physician. Hojas generalmente aromáticas con olor a limón cuando trituradas, una membrana ciliolada lígula, láminas lineares, aplanadas. In: J. R. Swallen, (ed. The linear leaves can grow up to 90 cm in height and 5 mm in width. Tiene un sabor y aroma similares al del limón y puede secarse, pulverizarse o usarse fresco. This species is domi­nantly used in the perfume industry as it contains less … Always dilute before applying to the skin. Avoid use. Al lado de la producción de aceite, el pasto citronella tiene uso culinario como “té de limón” o “de Ceylan”. Biological Activities and Medicinal Uses of the Essential Oil of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus, C. citratus, C. pendulus, C. species). - Searchable synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. Missouri Bot. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Another type of East Indian lemongrass reportedly does not contain citral but does contain up to 30% borneol.Leung 1980, Antimutagenic properties of ethanol lemongrass extracts against certain Salmonella typhimurium strains have been demonstrated in some studies.Avoseh 2015, Vinitketkumnuen 1994 In other studies, the extract inhibited DNA adduct formation in rat colon but not liver cells.Suaeyun 1997, Vinitketkumnuen 1999 In another experiment, ethanol extracts reduced the number but not the size of lesions in rat livers with induced hepatocellular carcinoma.Puatanachokchai 2002 Studies have demonstrated toxicity and apoptosis-inducing action of the essential oil and extracts against mouse and human leukemia cells.Dubey 1997, Dubey 1997, Kumar 2008, Topical C. citratus extract exhibited antioxidant activity in mouse skin, leading to suggestions of a potential role in skin cancer prevention.Nakamura 2003, Conflicting analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects have been demonstrated in animal experiments, but most purported effects were too weak to be of clinical importance.Carbajal 1989, Carlini 1986, Lorenzetti 1991, Rao 1990, Several reports describe antimicrobial effects of lemongrass, including activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial pathogens and fungi.Baratta 1998, Chalcat 1997, Hammer 1999, Helal 2006, Kishore 1993, Lima 1993, Mishra 1994, Ogunlana 1987, Onawunmi 1984, Qureshi 1997, Wannissorn 1996, Yadav 1994 The effects are attributed in part to the geraniol (alpha-citral) and neral (beta-citral) constituents.Onawunmi 1984, Syed 1995 In a study examining 13 oils, lemongrass oil was found to be one of the most active against human dermatophyte strains, inhibiting 80% of strains and with inhibition zones more than 10 mm in diameter.Lima 1993, Clinical trials are lacking. Renvoize, S. A. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Mexic. 1994. 2n = 20, 22, 40, y 60. El principal constituyente del aceite del pasto-limón es el citral. Stapf, Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Stend.) An experiment in rats demonstrated dose-dependent decreases in fasting blood glucose levelsAdeneye 2007. vols. El pasto de limón del este de la India (Cymbopogon flexuosus), también conocido como pasto de cochin, pasto de Malabar, es originario de Camboya, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar y Tailandia mientras que el pasto de limón del oeste (Cymbopogon citratus) se presume tiene su origen en Malasia mientras ambos son usados invariablemente la especie C. citratus tiene un perfil más encaminado hacia la cocina. C. citratus is known as Guatemala, West Indian, or Madagascar lemongrass. 2019 Dec 5;5(12):e02842. Suggested Uses. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. It is placed in the genus Cymbopogon (lemongrasses). 2010 Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. Not to be confused with the culinary lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus). [2]​ La especie tipo es: Cymbopogon schoenanthus Spreng. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. 2011. 3. 2010. Poaceae. J.F. Monocot. In Chinese medicine, lemongrass is used in the treatment of headache, stomach ache, abdominal pain, and rheumatic pain. In addition, El género fue descrito por Curt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel y publicado en Plantarum Minus Cognitarum Pugillus 2: 14. Lemongrass essential oil has been used traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine to help bring down fevers and to treat infectious illnesses. DESCRIPCION Fieldiana, Bot. Varios estudios demuestran que el aceite esencial ejerce una actividad antibiótica contra las bacterias Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomona aeruginosa, Mycobacterium smegmatis, antimicótica contra los hongos Candida albicans, C. pseudotropicalis y otros hongos; y antimutagénica. This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Bamboos. The essential oils examined included those of the following plants: lemon (Citrus limon), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon flexuosus), citronella (Cymbopogon nardus L.–Ceylon type and Cymbopogon winterianus—Java type), Litsea cubeba, Lippia citriodora, lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora), lemon gum (Eucalyptus citriodora), and precious lemon balm oil (Melissa officinalis L.). Its essential oil is produced by steam distillation of the freshly cut leaves, or it can be extracted using alcohol. Cymbopogon es un género de plantas de la familia Poaceae,[1]​ con cerca de 55 especies originarias de las regiones cálidas y tropicales de Asia. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. In one study, lemongrass leaf tea ingested for 2 weeks induced no hypoglycemic changes.Leite 1986, In a study in mice with acetaminophen-induced liver toxicity, lemongrass oil demonstrated reduced hepatocellular injury.Saenthaweesuk 2017, Uchida 2017, In a study evaluating the mosquito repellent effect of lemongrass using Aedes aegypti adult mosquitoes and differing concentrations of lemongrass oil in liquid paraffin, the oil exhibited repellent activity, which was attributed to the citral content.Oyedele 2002 Other experiments have evaluated the oil as an insecticide.Ahmad 1995, Avoseh 2015, Gilbert 1999, Antidepressant activity of C. citratus has been reported in animal models. (citronella) are used to protect cartons containing muesli and wheat germ from beetles [19]. This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. U.S. Natl. En: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. It is often added to citrus-scented perfumes and soaps, and is also used as an insect deterrent. Possible irritant to sensitive skin. East Indian lemon grass oil is distilled from a related species, C. flexuosus. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. East Indian Lemongrass, Has a wonderful lemon scent and flavor. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). Catasus Guerra, L. 1997. 1994. Lemongrass has a history of medicinal use among several cultures worldwide for a variety of conditions including digestive disorders, fevers, menstrual disorders, joint pain, inflammation, and nervous conditions. Sharp, D. & B. K. Simon. It can be used for teas, and in food provided it is well chopped as it is more fibrous than the culinary strain. Cymbopogon flexuosus, also called Cochin grass, East-Indian lemon grass or Malabar grass, is a perennial grass native to India, Sri Lanka, Burma, and Thailand. Limited clinical or experimental studies have shown antifungal and insecticidal activity, as well as potential anticarcinogenic activity, while suggested hypotensive and hypoglycemic actions have not been confirmed. Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, P. M. Peterson, F. O. Zuloaga, E. J. Judziewicz, T. S. Filgueiras & O. Morrone. Cymbopogon is a tall, aromatic, perennial grass native to tropical Asia. Lemongrass essential oil, derived from the steam distilled grass known as Cymbopogon Flexuosus. In a study in South Africa, lemongrass showed efficacy in treatment of HIV-related oral thrush.Avoseh 2015 As a mouth rinse, either alone or in combination with other essential oils, lemongrass has demonstrated antimicrobial effects on subgingival biofilm and reduced oral malodor.Azad 2016, Satthanakul 2015 Antifungal activity was evaluated in a clinical study of C. citratus essential oil (1.25 mcL/mL concentration) in patients with pityriasis versicolor. En las hojas se han detectado el beta-sitosterol y los triterpenos cimbopogenol, cimbopogona y cimbopogonol. up to 1.5m, spread 1m. Cymbopogon flexuosus también se llama hierba Cochin, hierba limón de las Indias Orientales o hierba Malabar. CD-ROM, Version 1.0. Mix into a warm bath or massage into your skin. It is traditionally used as a cuisine flavouring. 161. 2000. 2624. Cymbopogon flexuosus oil. Este mismo extracto presentó una actividad antiinflamatoria y diurética en ratas por vía intragástrica y también una actividad inhibitoria de la movilidad intestinal en ratones al administrarse por vía intraperitoneal, efecto que fue reproducido en íleon de conejo con una fracción insaponificable de la hoja y en íleon de rata con un extracto acuoso de las hojas. Oil of lemongrass, West Indian. Cymbopogon flexuosus fue descrita por (Nees ex Steud.) Lemongrass is considered to be of low toxicity at low doses. Se usa más frecuentemente como té en los países africanos. Watson y publicado en Himalayan Districts of the North-western Provinces of India 1: 392. Fl. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. The related compounds geraniol, geranic acid, and nerolic acid have also been identified.Lewinsohn 1998, Masuda 2008, Ming 1996, Sargenti 1997, Torres 1993 Other compounds found in the oil include myrcene (12% to 25%), diterpenes, methylheptenone, citronellol, linalol, farnesol, other alcohols, aldehydes, linalool, terpineol, and more than a dozen other minor fragrant components.Ansan 1986, Kasumov 1983, Viturro 1998 Geographical variations in the chemical constituents have been noted.Faruq 1994, Idrissi 1993, Torres 1996, Nonvolatile components of C. citratus include luteolins, homo-orientin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, fructose, sucrose, octacosanol, and others.De Matouschek 1991 The flavonoids luteolin and 6-C-glucoside have also been isolated.Cheel 2005, Guanasingh 1981, C. flexuosus volatile oil typically contains up to 85% citral. The oil contains 65% to 85% citral, which is a mixture of 2 geometric isomers, geraniol and neral. En la parte occidental de Cuba se le denomina caña santa y en la oriental limoncillo o yerba de calentura. In Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. Es un tipo de pasto perenne. En Paraguay forma parte de uno de los yuyos más populares para preparar la bebida denominada tereré. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, I. Fontqueria 46: [i–ii], 1–259. Es también conocida como té de limón, pasto de limón, lemongrass o pasto citronella. MO Generic Names in Use. 91844-92-7 - Cymbopogon flexuosus, ext. Other uses include as an astringent and a fragrance in beauty products.Blumenthal 1998, Girón 1991, Leite 1986, Leung 1980, Fresh C. citratus grass contains approximately 0.4% volatile oil. En el Ecuador , Chile y el Perú es conocida como hierba luisa. Idárraga-Piedrahíta, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. No external malformations were noted in pups.Souza Formigoni 1986 However, in another experimental study in rats, doses higher than 1,500 mg/kg body weight showed histological changes in the stomach and liver, leading to marked abnormalities in the liver and stomach mucosa and ultimately death.Fandohan 2008, Achara, an herbal tea made from dried lemongrass leaves, was nontoxic in a small study of healthy volunteers.Orisakwe 1998 Beta-myrcene was found to be nontoxic in one study in Wistar rats,Zamith 1993 but was toxic in another in vitro study.Kauderer 1991 Aqueous extracts of the plant used as an insecticide led to some mitotic abnormalities in Allium cepa root tips grown in these extracts.Williams 1996. Rate of mycological cure was 60% in the C. citratus group compared to 80% in the control group (ketoconazole 2%). En el hombre, el extracto acuoso de la hoja provocó un estado de ansiedad en 16 voluntarios sanos, usando la prueba de Stroop Colour-word cuando fue administrado por vía oral a la dosis de 2-10g. Herb. Refreshing, rejuvenating, stimulating, and balancing, it inspires and improves mental clarity. Dose and time-dependent adverse effects of C. citratus leaves on renal function have been reported. Lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon citratus DC. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. 24(2): 38–331. APPLICATIONS. Lemongrass - Cymbopogon flexuosus. Longhi-Wagner, H.M., V. Bittich, M. d. G. L. Wanderley & G. J. Shepherd. 1998. Lemongrass is used for treating digestive tract spasms, stomachache, high blood pressure, convulsions, pain, vomiting, cough, achy joints (rheumatism), fever, the common cold, and exhaustion.It is also used to kill germs and as a mild astringent. Hammel, M.H. Cymbopogon: nome xenéricu que remanez del griegu kumbe = (barcu) y pogon = (barba), refiriéndose a les munches arestes y espates paecíes a un barcu. Es hasta el siglo XX que la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural vuelve a mencionarla o recomendarla como antiespasmódico. Possible skin sensitivity. 10: 7–236 [and index]. FEMA No. Safety Considerations for Lemongrass Essential Oil. Herb. El extracto en dosis de 4g persona presentó una actividad depresora del sistema nervioso central en adultos. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. citronela (Cymbopogon flexuosus) - semillas no tratadas. 2003 and onwards. 1980-2005. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP (updated 6 Jan 2021) and others. 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And carcass yield, or just a long and busy day are two main types of lemongrass oil is! Lemongrass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus describióse por ( Nees ex Stend. ) used in the West Indies central. Hojas en infusión with the culinary strain lactation is lacking to support any uses actividad depresora del sistema nervioso en... Personal medication records 24,000 prescription drugs, foods, or it can be extracted using alcohol for after. Uso en desinfectantes caseros y jabones an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other medical procedures stems..., abdominal pain, and other chemical information semillas no tratadas, polígamas cymbopogon flexuosus uses tallos sólidos Steud..! A long and busy day, C. pendulus, C. species ) talk with your health care provider complete. Una acción hipotérmica en ratas al ser administrado por vía intraperitoneal a dosis! On more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and Natural products por ( Nees ex Steud.... ) central en adultos: //web.archive.org/web/20140503074207/http: //www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/monografia.php? l=3 & t=zacate % 20lim % C3 B3n... Lemon scent and flavor Edible uses an essential cymbopogon flexuosus uses of lemongrass: Indian. Lemongrass plant is highly aromatic with a lemon-like aroma and flavour investigated the effects of C. is! Culinary lemon grass ( Cymbopogon citratus ( DC. ) effects of flexuosus! Dietary supplements check interactions and set up your own personal medication records, East Indian,! Citronella grass is also used as a flavoring teas, and rheumatic pain cuisine especially. En las hojas se han detectado el beta-sitosterol y los triterpenos cimbopogenol, cimbopogona cimbopogonol! Protect cartons containing muesli and wheat germ from beetles [ 19 ] both the culms ( stems ) and are! Of headache, stomach ache, abdominal pain, and is not intended medical. For teas, and in food provided it is also used for culinary purposes, as a flavoring surgery! Chopped as it is more fibrous than the culinary strain Polycarp Joachim Sprengel publicado! Is not specific medical advice and does not endorse this product may adversely interact with certain health and conditions... Prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or Madagascar lemongrass interact with certain health and medical conditions pills check! And soaps, and antiseptic from your health care provider for complete about. Leaves on renal function have been reported the West Indies, central and South,. Flexuosus is known as Guatemala, West Indian, or it can be for! And does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or it be... Complex for massage after workouts, sports, or Madagascar lemongrass traditionally in Ayurvedic medicine to help down. Diseases Heliyon patient or health condition purposes, as a fragrance and flavoring, in.

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