female fighter aces

He was critically injured, lost one leg and died of his wounds 10 November 1942. She was shot down by either Luftwaffe ace Georg Schwientek of JG 52 or ace Emil Bitsch, of JG 3. Prien, Jochen - Stemmer, Gerhard - Rodeike, Peter - Bock, Winfried: This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 07:47. With 11 air victories, she was one of the world's two female fighter aces along with Lydia … Pilot Profile: Lydia Litvyak, the World's First Female Fighter Ace. This unit consisted entirely of female pilots and was equipped with Yak-1. Douglas A-26C Breaks Apart Mid-Air Testing A Bouncing Bomb . [47], The novel Vernis iz Poleta[50] ("Return from Flight") by Natalya Kravtsova fictionalizes the death of Solomatin, stating that he was killed when he ran out of ammunition while battling with a German Bf 109 fighter plane over his own airfield. Two of the Soviet Union’s most successful female pilots, Yekaterina Budanova and Lydia Litvyak, flew with the unit, where Litvyak was the first female fighter pilot to … In January 1943 the 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment was re-equipped with the US-built P-39 "Airacobra" and Budanova and Litvyak moved to the 296th Fighter Aviation Regiment (later the 73rd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment) of Nikolai Baranov, and continued to fly the Yak. The 500 designations were originally meant to signify defense reserves. [26] That day she was flying as part of a group of six Yak fighters when they attacked a dozen Ju 88s. [36][37], In an attempt to prove that Litvyak had not been taken captive, Pasportnikova embarked on a 36-year search for the Yakovlev Yak-1 crash site assisted by the public and the media. First Female Ace: Lydia Litvyak Soviet Air Forces Sr. Lt. Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak, known as the “White Lily of Stalingrad” for her air support during that battle, was history’s first female fighter ace. She has also been called the "White Rose of Stalingrad" in Europe and North America since reports of her exploits were first published in English. [47] She would fashion scarves from parachute material, dyeing the small pieces in different colors and stitching them together and would not hide her love of flowers, which she picked at every available occasion, favoring red roses. A pair of them dove on her and when she did see them she turned to meet them. She trained there on the Yakovlev Yak-1 aircraft. Budanova was selected to fly with Baranov, while squadron commander Alexei Solomatin took Litvyak as wingman. [5], On 14 September, according to some authors, Litvyak shot down another Bf 109. Israeli fighter pilot Giora Epstein is the ace of aces for supersonic fighter jets and of the Israeli Air Force. In the RPC Authority universe, Hellsverg (the pen name of Indra M. Pratama) wrote a fictionalized version of Litvyak, who was a rogue member of the RAVAAF. Lydia Litvyak was born in Moscow into a Russian family. iGleize - Fighter Aces lists: Female famous fighter pilots of WW2. [citation needed], Litvyak was called the "White Lily of Stalingrad" in Soviet press releases; the white lily flower may be translated from Russian as Madonna lily. During the Great Purge, Vladimir Litvyak was arrested as an "enemy of the people" and disappeared. By the time local farmers came to pull her from the aircraft, she was already dead. Married outside of the Soviet Union, she had three children. An Annie Oakley of the skies, Litvyak was no less than the first female pilot to shoot down an enemy aircraft. Leadership Lessons From One Of The First Female Fighter Pilots Carey Lohrenz became one of the first female combat pilots in the Navy by not taking no for an answer. It was her fourth sortie of the day, escorting a flight of Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft. [citation needed], There have been several different versions of Budanova's aerial victory score published, with no official tally. The most common quoted is for 11 kills (6 individual and 5 shared). The magazine gave a combined number of combat missions and kills to date for the two pilots. Litvyak displayed a rebellious and romantic character. [33][31], On August 1, 1943, Litvyak did not come back to her base at Krasnyy Luch. Although Yekaterina Valentina Vaschenko, the curator of the Litvyak museum in Krasnyi Luch has stated that the body was disinterred and examined by forensic specialists, who determined that it was indeed Litvyak,[40] Kazimiera Janina Cottam claims, on the basis of evidence provided by Yekaterina Polunina, chief mechanic and archivist of the 586th Fighter Regiment in which Litvyak initially served, that the body was never exhumed and that verification was limited to comparison of a number of reports. Russian aviation historian, Anatoly Plyac, former KGB major, told Milanetti: "Litvyak survived and was taken prisoner..."[44], A television broadcast from Switzerland was seen in 2000 by Raspopova, a veteran of the women's night bomber regiment. Women’s air regiments served in the Ukraine, the northern Caucasus, the Taman Peninsula, the Crimea, at Stalingrad and even over Berlin, bombing German supply trains, railroad junctions and ammunition dumps along the way. Byrne, also a playwright, served as the set designer for White Rose. According to some historians she achieved 11 individual air victories. [58], The play White Rose by Scottish playwright Peter Arnott portrays Litvyak's imagined political thoughts, with her character discussing war and Soviet women's resistance against Nazism. Soviet authorities suspected that she might have been captured, a possibility that prevented them from awarding her the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. [35] In 1979, after uncovering more than 90 other crash sites, 30 aircraft[35] and many lost pilots killed in action, "the searchers discovered that an unidentified woman pilot had been buried in the village of Dmitrievka... in Shakhterski district." As the Soviets were returning to base near Orel,[6] a pair of Bf 109 fighters[28] dove on Litvyak while she was attacking a large group of German bombers. She insisted and described for her commander her plan: she would attack it from the rear after flying in a wide circle around the perimeter of the battleground and over German-held territory. [29], On 13 June 1943, Litvyak was appointed flight commander of the 3rd Aviation Squadron within 73rd Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment. [16], Pasportnikova has stated that Budanova had five personal kills at the time of her death. She "stitched" it with bullets, and the second Messer, streaming black smoke, escaped to the west. An article detailed their accomplishments, honoring their collective, rather than individual, achievements. On 22 March she was wounded for the first time. The female ace downed a bomber and shared a victory with a comrade, but her fighter was hit and she had to make a belly landing. Olga Nikolayevna Yamshikova: 17 - 3 (3 + 14 OTG?) [27] While in 73rd Regiment, she often flew as wingman of Captain Aleksey Solomatin, a flying ace with a claimed total of 39 victories (22 shared). This article lists 890 (updated as of October 2017) of these aces. It featured a former Soviet woman fighter pilot who Raspopova thought may have been Litvyak. Katia attacked and diverted the enemy. Fighter Aces of the U.S.A. is the most complete, full-spectrum book ever published on American fighter aces, and includes dozens of aces' combat accounts, plus capsule biographies. Katia managed to pick up an enemy aircraft in her sight and riddle him with bullets. one solo, Messerschmitt Bf 109. http://www.youtube.com/user/PowerRossiyaOur Russian Female Fighter Aces versus Nazi Luftwaffe. Senior Lieutenant Kurt Welter was Germany’s top jet fighter pilot and the highest scoring jet ace in aviation history.… Crisci, with no Russian ancestry, in cooperation with Valentina Vaschenko, the curator of the Lilya Litvyak Museum and School in Krasny Luch, Eastern Ukraine. Pilot Profile: Lydia Litvyak, the World's First Female Fighter Ace. [45] Pasportnikova stated in 1990 that the tally was eleven solo kills plus the balloon, and an additional three shared. The Soviet Female Fighter Aces of World War II. This regiment consisted either of aces or people considered potential aces. [13] While in the Stalingrad area, an order was received citing the return of the women aircrew to the 586th. Raspopova promptly told Polunina what she inferred from the Swiss broadcast. 20, List of female Heroes of the Soviet Union, Soviet Airwomen of the Great Patriotic war, "Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries(S-Z): SCHUSTER, Hermann", "Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries(S-Z):SCHLEEF, Hans", "The Memorial to Soviet Ace Lydia Litvyak", "AVIOLIBRI - Soviet Air Women of the Great Patriotic war. [8][9] Lydia became interested in aviation at an early age. For three years she was joined by relatives who together combed the most likely areas with a metal detector. Litvyak shot down one of the bombers but was in turn attacked and wounded by the escorting Bf 109s. She believed that some pilots had luck on their side and others didn't. After leaving elementary school with the highest grades, she had to abandon her studies due to her father's death, and began working as a nanny. The Highest Scoring Allied Aces Of The War Flew Airacobras The Bell P-39 Airacobra / Public Domain. These units were originally made up women who were flight instructors or members of pre-war flying clubs. The Highest-Scoring Female Fighter Ace Ever: The Short but Daring Life of Lydia Litvyak; Exploring the wreck of the Bismarck – and it is in remarkable condition; RIP … Kazimiera Janina "Jean" Cottam, 2006. Soviet pilot Ivan Borisenko recalled: “Lily just didn’t see the Messerschmitt 109s flying cover for the German bombers. [9], From October until January 1943 Budanova and Litvyak served in the Stalingrad area with the elite 9th Guards Fighter Regiment, commanded by Lev Shestakov, a Hero of Soviet Union. … The First Female Fighter Ace “The White Lily”… Empire of the Sun P-51 Mustang Cadillac of the Sky Scene . They were allowed to stay, remaining with 9th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment for over three months.[12]. [41] In her book published in 2004, Polunina lists evidence that led her to conclude that Litvyak was pulled from the downed aircraft by German troops and held prisoner for some time. Litvyak flew her first combat flights in the summer of 1942 over Saratov. [18] That day, four Yak-1s—with Major S. Danilov in the lead—attacked a formation of Junkers Ju 88s escorted by Messerschmitt Bf 109s. Israeli fighter pilot Giora Epstein is the ace of aces for supersonic fighter jets and of the Israeli Air Force. [48], Despite the predominantly male environment in which she found herself, she never renounced her femininity, and would carry on dyeing her hair blonde, sending her friend Inna Pasportnikova to the hospital to fetch hydrogen peroxide for her. [51], Litvyak is the major character in Mary Ann Cook's romanticized novel The White Rose, a fictional account of her wartime experiences. Jan 6, 2021 - Explore Geo Duckett's board "Female Pilots" on Pinterest. Red Air Force female pilot Lilya Litvak became a fighter ace and a Hero of the Soviet Union fighting the Germans. Yekaterina Vasilyevna Budanova (Russian: Екатерина Васильевна Буданова), nicknamed Katya (Катя), (6 December 1916 – 19 July 1943),[2] was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. [38], On 6 May 1990, USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev posthumously awarded her the title Hero of the Soviet Union. It's weird, but the longer I spent on the story, the more I feel I knew them. The top position among best female fighter pilots are given to Lt. At the time … [8] In the following months she was credited with several more aircraft. The following table summarizes Litvyak's credited victories and their fates: sfn error: no target: CITEREFGoodpaster2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFJackson2003 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPennington2001 (, Redarmyonline.org. the Official top Female Ace "Lili" the "White Rose of Stalingrad" * Lidya Vladimirovna Litvyak (KIA 1aug43, HoSU in 1990) * 12 (+ 3 sh)(7 + 5 OTG?) [12] The pilot who shot her down was either Georg Schwientek of JG 52 or Emil Bitsch, of 8./JG 3, the only two pilots that claimed a Yak-1 in the Novokrasnovka area on 19 July 1943. The majority of those aces were Russian pilots. P-51 Red Tail Mustang “Bunny” Takes To The Skies . [citation needed], According to some historians, she shot down her first opponent — a Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter — on 14 September 1942, combining forces with Lydia Litvyak. Nattel, Lilian (2019) Random House Canada, LW Loss Report (microfilm roll #11)-Vol. On 13th September 1942, Livyak shot down 2 planes making her the first female fighter pilot in history to shoot down an enemy. When the war broke out in 1914, Udet was able to join the German air force and became one of their top fighter pilots, eventually joining the Red Baron’s legendary unit of ace pilots known as ‘The Flying Circus’. When he was taken to Litvyak, he thought he was being made the butt of a Soviet joke. Canadian Forces Snowbirds Plane Crashes in Kamloops, B.C. The First Female Fighter Ace “The White Lily”… Empire of the Sun P-51 Mustang Cadillac of the Sky Scene . On 10 September she moved along with Yekaterina Budanova, Mariya Kuznetsova and Raisa Beliaeva, the commander of the group, and accompanying female ground crew, to the regiment airfield, at Verkhnaia Akhtuba, on the east bank of the Volga river. This occurred before being rammed and killed by his own victim (Luftwaffe combat report of collision: 3 km east of Dmitrievka). Lydia Litvyak: The First Female Fighter Ace Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak was a spitfire, a double flying ace with an estimated 12-14 kills, and a spunky nationalist who was determined to make a difference in the war against her country. Yekaterina Vasilyevna Budanova (Russian: Екатерина Васильевна Буданова), nicknamed Katya (Катя), (6 December 1916 – 19 July 1943), was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. Gerhard Maak of 7./KG76 on the night of 24 September 1942. By Sarah Simonovich on Apr 13th 2018 When the Third Reich invaded Russia on June 22, 1941, they brought with them more than 3 million soldiers in a matter of hours. Lt. Col Christine Mau. I have written a story about Lilya Litvyak, the highest scoring female fighter ace of all time. Katia's fighter rapidly soared upward and swooped down on a second enemy aircraft. She trained there on the Yakovlev Yak-1 aircraft. While Schleef claimed a LaGG-3 (often confused in combat with Yak-1s by German pilots) kill on the same day, in the South-Ukraine area where Litvyak's aircraft was at last found. This is a list of fighter aces in World War II from Germany. The Highest-Scoring Female Fighter Ace Ever: The Short but Daring Life of Lydia Litvyak; Exploring the wreck of the Bismarck – and it is in remarkable condition; … He characterized Budanova as a "cheerful, lively character" while Litvyak looked "thoughtful and quiet". Inna Pasportnikova later recalled: "She spotted three Messerschmitt going on the attack against a group of bombers. Evolution of aircraft, tactics and armament is seen through the eyes of the 1400 elite Americans who earned the coveted title ""Ace."" the first female fighter pilot to shoot down an enemy plane, and the official holder of the most number of air combat victories (12) by a woman in history. Born in 1896 in Frankfurt, he grew up interested in motorcycles and planes. Hero of the Russian Federation (posthumous). No parachute was seen, and no explosion, yet she never returned from the mission. She was the first woman to become a fighter test pilot and the first to fly the F-22 Raptor stealth fighter … [25] Twice, she was forced to land due to battle damage. [31] She was wounded again but refused to take medical leave. Litvyak volunteered to take out the balloon but was turned down. [citation needed], Arguments have been published that dispute the official version of Litvyak's death. She performed her first solo flight at 15, and later graduated from the Kherson military flying school. It is relatively certain that 2,500 German fighter pilots attained ace status, having achieved at least 5 aerial victories. The tactic worked—the hydrogen-filled balloon caught fire under her stream of tracer bullets and was destroyed. On 10 December Budanova shot down two Messerschmitt Bf 110s. Pappy Boyington Katya Budanova (Катя Буданова), was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. It was the P-39 Airacobra. [7] Her mother Anna Vasilievna Litvyak was a shop assistant; her father Vladimir Leontievich Litvyak (1892–1937) worked as a railwayman, train driver and clerk. After deliberately exaggerating her pre-war flight time by 100 hours, she joined the all-female 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Air Defense Force,[12] which was formed by Marina Raskova. "[12], Budanova managed to put out the fire and force landed in no-man's land. Yekaterina Budanova.) [5], Litvyak, Beliaeva, Budanova and Kuznetsova stayed in the 437th Regiment for a short time only, mainly because it was equipped with LaGG 3s rather than Yak-1s, that the women flew, and was lacking the facilities to service the latter. [42], Litvyak was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, Order of the Red Star, and was twice honored with the Order of the Patriotic War. Women’s air regiments served in the Ukraine, the northern Caucasus, the Taman Peninsula, the Crimea, at Stalingrad and even over Berlin, bombing German supply trains, railroad junctions and ammunition dumps along the way. This is a list of fighter aces in World War II from Germany. The 586th Fighter Regiment fought in 125 aerial battles in two and a half years. Litvyak was 21 years old. Female PilotFemale SoldierFemale FighterFighter PilotFighter AircraftFighter JetsHelicopter PilotsMilitary WomenArmed Forces [1] She was twice awarded Order of the Patriotic War. [47] Returning from a successful mission, she would "buzz" the aerodrome and then indulge in unauthorised aerobatics, knowing that it enraged her commander. At 14, she enrolled in a flying club. So the four women were moved to the 9th Guards Fighter Regiment. But Katia's red starred fighter had been hit; tongues of flame were already licking at the wings. [25] Pasportnikova said that a special commission was formed to inspect the exhumed body and it concluded the remains were those of Litvyak. [19] Her first kill was a Ju 88 which fell in flames from the sky after several bursts. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. Anne Noggle credits her with twelve individual and two team shootdowns. Hanson, who had spent most of his youth in India as the son of Methodist missionaries, got his wings and a Marine Corps commission in February 1943, at the age of 23.In the next year, before being shot down by Japanese flak on February 23, 1944, a day before his birthday, Hanson took out 25 Japanese aircraft. On 1 October 1993, she was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation. Litvyak could also be superstitious, as Paspotnikova testified: She never believed that she was invincible. Achieving five confirmed kills was a feat that earned a fighter pilot the title of ace. After deliberately exaggerating her pre-war flight time by 100 hours, she joined the all-female 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the Air Defense Force, which was formed by Marina Raskova. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. Then they all disappeared behind a cloud.” Borisenko, involved in the dogfight, saw her the last time, through a gap in the clouds, her Yak-1 pouring smoke and pursued by as many as eight Bf 109s. [2] Various other tallies are attributed to her, including eleven solo and three shared plus the balloon,[26] as well as eight individual and four team. After the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, Litvyak tried to join a military aviation unit, but was turned down because of lack of experience. Then she shot down a Bf 109 G-2 "Gustav" on the tail of her squadron commander, Raisa Beliaeva. It is relatively certain that 2,500 German fighter pilots attained ace status, having achieved at least 5 aerial victories. [25], Litvyak made an additional kill on 16 July 1943. Douglas A-26C Breaks Apart Mid-Air Testing A Bouncing Bomb . The Lady Aces of WW2: Lavochkin La-5FN by JJ Boucher * _____ "Katya" * Yekaterina Vasilyevna Budanova (KIA 18jul43) 20 - 11 (6 + 5 OTG?) [7] According to regiment archivist Ekaterina K. Polunina on 2 October 1942 Budanova achieved her two first solo air victories, shooting down a Junkers Ju 88 and a Bf 109. The Lady Aces of WW2: Lavochkin La-5FN by JJ Boucher * _____ "Katya" * Yekaterina Vasilyevna Budanova (KIA 18jul43) 20 - 11 (6 + 5 OTG?) 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