christchurch, new zealand earthquake

New Zealand Moderate earthquake strikes Christchurch 5:14 am on 23 December 2020 Close to 8000 residents of Christchurch have reported feeling a moderate earthquake this morning, which was a magnitude 3.7 jolt. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. The proposals were heavily criticised for relying on incorrect information,[218] leading one school, Phillipstown Primary, to seek a judicial review over its proposed merger with Woolston Primary. Click on image for larger PDF version. It was deemed unstable and demolished in April 2011. [256] Because large number of citizens are being displaced, it is difficult to find a representative sample population. The earthquake destroyed the ChristChurch Cathedral's spire and part of its tower, and severely damaged the structure of the remaining building. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. ChristChurch Cathedral has lost the top of its main spire and its roof has fallen in. Statistics New Zealand's main urban area definition for Christchurch includes Kaiapoi, which belongs to Waimakariri District, and Prebbleton, which belongs to Selwyn District. [231][232] The Canterbury Rugby League cancelled their pre-season competition. Initial reports by GNS Science suggested that ground motion "considerably exceeded even 2500-year design motions",[32] beyond maximum considered events (MCE). Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. Buildings in Lyttelton have been damaged; a fire officer said that 60% of the buildings in the main street have collapsed. [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. The remainder of the tower was demolished in March 2012. [25][26] (photos) Initial reports said 22 people were in the spire at the time of the collapse. Magnitude 6.3 earthquake rocks Christchurch. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. [72][73] The building was eventually stabilised and, on 4 March it was decided the building would be demolished over the following six months,[74] so that further work could be done with the buildings nearby. On one of their journeys, an RAAF Hercules sustained minor damage in an aftershock. Accessed February 22, 2011. Weak earthquake strikes west of Christchurch, with more than 600 feeling it. [98] The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. [34], Australia has offered help, and immediately sent a search and rescue team of 70 from New South Wales on a RAAF C-130 Hercules. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. [127][128][129][130][131] Many of them received standing ovations from appreciative locals as they walked through Christchurch Airport upon arrival. (2015). The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. Porirua, Upper Hutt, and Lower Hutt, all outside of the Wellington City Council area, are included in the Wellington main urban area definition. [241] Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. [18] At 5pm local time Radio New Zealand reported that 80% of the city was without electricity. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. [111], Of the 185 victims, 115 people died in the Canterbury Television building alone, while another 18 died in the collapse of PGC House, and eight were killed when masonry fell on Red Bus number 702 in Colombo Street. [109], 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. [136] It was equipped to provide triage, emergency care, maternity, dental care, isolation tents for gastroenteritis, and to provide primary care since most general practices in the area were unable to open. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. Most of those who died were Christchurch or Canterbury residents with ties to the local community. [249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. It will be important to have information on a wide variety of demographic groups because the same mental health treatment will not help all of those affected by a trauma. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. The cost of the rebuild is set to be $16 million. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard has offered John Key any other help he may need. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. [82][83], The Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament was also severely damaged, with the towers falling. On September 4th 2010 a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck New Zealand. [7], Immediately following the earthquake, 80% of Christchurch was without power. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". They were due to process much of the March 2011 census of New Zealand. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. Buildings were also already weakened from the previous quakes. It is estimated that 10,600 people moved away from Christchurch, with the 1,700 people difference to the population loss explained through some people moving to Christchurch. [112] Between 6,600 and 6,800 people were treated for minor injuries,[113] and Christchurch Hospital alone treated 220 major trauma cases connected to the quake. [24] The acceleration occurred mainly in a vertical direction,[16] with eyewitness accounts of people being tossed into the air. He added that the thoughts and prayers of the Commonwealth were with the citizens of New Zealand, and Christchurch especially. This page was last changed on 2 January 2021, at 00:08. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. [200] The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. Sydenham Heritage Church and the Beckenham Baptist Church were heavily damaged, and then demolished days after the earthquake. After 7 years, the school is set to be moved to Redcliffs Park in 2020. The spire of ChristChurch Cathedral has completely collapsed. (2014). [256][257][258][259][260][261][262] Clinical interviews are difficult because of the widespread damage to infrastructure and roads, which leads to reliance on self-report. The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million[175]) to the Red Cross Appeal. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. At least 65 people have died after a 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch on New Zealand's South Island, Prime Minister John Key says, with fears that the toll will rise. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake's focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage. [51], Damage occurred to many older buildings, particularly those with unreinforced masonry and those built before stringent earthquakes codes were introduced. [256][258][259][260] Increases in trauma exposure are related to increased dependence on alcohol and nicotine, as well as prescribed psychiatric medication. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. [226] The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. [16], The current New Zealand building code requires a building with a 50-year design life to withstand predicted loads of a 500-year event. 115 people died in the building, which housed a TV station, a medical clinic and an English language school. [87] Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. On February 22, 2011, residents of the then-second-largest city in New Zealand – Christchurch, located on the South Island's Canterbury Plains – were hit hard by a … New Zealand's Earthquake Commission (EQC), a government organisation, levies policyholders to cover a major part of the earthquake risk. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [68] By mid-2019 early design and stabilisation work had begun. News staff. [9] It struck the Canterbury region of the island and caused a lot of damage and many deaths in Christchurch, New Zealand's second largest city. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. [152] The Royal Australian Air Force also assisted with air lifts. Such was the case with the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, on February 22, 2011. Buildings have collapsed around Cathedral Square in downtown Christchurch. [21] Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV) building. The 2011 earthquake devastated the building, and its fate was soon cast into doubt. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 07:34. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. The… Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. Close to 8000 residents of Christchurch have reported feeling a moderate earthquake this morning, which was a magnitude 3.7 jolt. This earthquake was very similar to the one in Christchurch. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. [28] Although the rupture was subsurface, satellite images indicated that the net displacement of the land south of the fault was 50 cm westwards and upwards; the land movement would have been greater during the earthquake. In his formal statement, he commented that the loss of life was "dreadful" and the "thoughts and prayers of the British people were with them". With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. [208], The UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive programme was established in 2011 by University of Canterbury Professor Paul Millar. [47] Road surfaces were forced up by liquefaction, and water and sand were spewing out of cracks. The EQC pays out the first NZ$1.5 billion in claims, and the reinsurance companies are liable for all amounts between NZ$1.5 billion and NZ$4 billion. [95][96] Parts of Sumner were evacuated during the night of 22 February after cracks were noticed on a nearby hillside. GNS Science New Zealand stated that this earthquake was technically an aftershock of the 2010 Christchurch earthquake. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. [209], 163 primary and secondary schools were affected by the earthquake, most of which were closed for three weeks; 90 had full structural clearance and were able to reopen, 24 had reports indicating further assessment and 11 were seriously damaged. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. [78] St Elmo Courts has been damaged in the September 2010 earthquake and the owner intended to repair the building, but further damage caused by the February 2011 event resulted in a decision to demolish, which was done the following month. [121] A full response management structure was put in place within minutes of the quake, with the Christchurch City Council's alternate Emergency Operations Centre re-established in the City Art Gallery and the regional Canterbury CDEM Group Emergency Coordination Centre (ECC) activated in its post-earthquake operational facility adjacent to the Canterbury Regional Council offices. [142] Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). [2] The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch,[10] New Zealand's second-most populous city. The Anglican Church decided to demolish the building and replace it with a new structure, but various groups opposed the church's intentions, with actions including taking a case to court. Predictors of poor mental health after a trauma, such as mental health status prior to a trauma and individual characteristics, can help determine those who will be more vulnerable to developing mental health problems. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. Erskine, N., Daley, V., Stevenson, Su. Statistics New Zealand expects Christchurch's population growth rate to return to pre-earthquake levels. "[33] Civil Defence has alerted all Urban Search and Rescue teams in Christchurch. The New Zealand defence forces have been called in to help move people out of the central business district.Fires were reported at the Canterbury Television (CTV) … [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. These insurers underwrite their commercial losses to reinsurers, who will again bear the brunt of these claims. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. "[180][181], David Cameron, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, issued a statement and sent SMS text messages to Commonwealth prime ministers. Impacts of Christchurch Earthquake In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. [114] [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. ", CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Television interview with Minister Brownlee on NZ TV One, 24 February 2011 at 19:30 NZT. (2015). [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. [224][225] The Super Rugby Round 2 match between the Crusaders and Hurricanes scheduled for 26 February 2011 at Westpac Stadium in Wellington was abandoned. Japan sent 70 search-and-rescue personnel including specialists from the coastguard, police and fire fighting service, as well as three sniffer dogs. He said Australia would send counsellors over and a disaster medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town.[212]. Medical staff from the army are being used. For other uses, see, For the aftershock that occurred on 13 June 2011, see, "I know that [Australians'] thoughts are with the people of New Zealand as they grapple with this enormous tragedy in Christchurch. [14] At the end of the first day 65 people were known to have died,[16] and the number is expected to rise. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, also called Canterbury earthquakes, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. [166][167] Mains water supply was re-established to 70% of households within one week. [257][260] For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population,[257][260] which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole. [64] The building was thought to be irreparably damaged and have the potential to bring down other buildings if it fell; an area of a two-block radius around the hotel was thus evacuated. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. JPMorgan Chase & Co say the total overall losses related to this earthquake may be US$12 billion. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). Time-lapse visualisations of the February 22 2011 and September 4 2010 earthquakes and their aftershocks can also be viewed. Three RNZAF Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters were also used to transport Police, VIP's and aid to locations around Christchurch. A September 2010 earthquake centered 40 kilometers (25 miles) west of Christchurch, in the plains near Darfield, struck at 4:35 a.m., had a magnitude of 7.1, and caused some structural damage and … [135] They also responded to fires, serious structural damage reports, and landslides working with structural engineers, seismologists and geologists, as well as construction workers, crane and digger operators and demolition experts. In 2013, it was announced that the tower and ball would be restored, and that funds were to be sought from the community to rebuild the rest of the station. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. [173], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. [20] By comparison, the 2010 quake—in which damage was predominantly to pre-1970s buildings—exerted 65% of the design loading on buildings. [136] A team of 55 Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team members from the Singapore Civil Defence Force were sent. Staff were grateful that they did not have to employ triage, but were able to deal with all patients. This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. The magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit Christchurch, home to nearly 400,000 people on New Zealand's southeast coast. For personal effects, EQC pays out the first NZ$20,000 plus tax. [138][139] [100] Large boulders were found on the lawns of damaged houses. Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., Horwood, L.J., & Mulder, R.T. (2015). In March 2011 the government established The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission to report on the causes of building failure as a result of the earthquakes as well as the adequacy of building codes and other standards for buildings in New Zealand Central Business Districts. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. In its prime, the Christchurch Cathedral was the focal point of Cathedral Square – an area historically recognised as the heart of the New Zealand city of Christchurch. [258][262] Those with relatively high exposure to earthquake damage show an increase in positive effects, including an increase in personal strength, growth in social relationships, the bringing of families closer, and realizing what's important in life. The devastation to Christchurch was massive. [155], A field hospital providing 75 beds was set up in the badly affected eastern suburbs on 24 February. Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J., Boden, J.M., & Mulder, R.T. (2014). [citation needed] Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? A recent international visitor to New Zealand's second largest city asked Coralie Winn why there were so many diggers in its centre tearing down buildings. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. [12], The Statistics New Zealand buildings in Christchurch were also damaged. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. [256][257][260] It is predicted that the people who are displaced experience the worst of the damage, and therefore the reported levels of PTSD and depression are often lower than they would have been had the displaced citizens been available to collect data from. Air traffic control services by Airways New Zealand, the national Air Traffic Control organisation, have been disrupted. Different demographics may benefit from different types of mental counseling to help them recover from trauma. [262] Depressive symptoms before a disaster can predict higher chances of developing PTSD following a trauma. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. The Civic, the council's third home, was heavily damaged in February and was demolished. In the 2010 earthquake, 180,000 claims were processed as opposed to the expected 130,000 claims for the 2011 aftershock. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. The reason why many scientists suggest that the 2011 Christchurch was an earthquake on its own is that it occurred on a different fault line to the 2010 Christchurch earthquake. A 3.7 magnitude earthquake has struck Christchurch overnight, centered in the eastern suburb of Bromley. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. Within two hours of the quake national co-ordination was operating from the National Crisis Management Centre located in the basement of the Beehive in Wellington.[119]. [188] New Zealand cricket team captain Daniel Vettori put his personal memorabilia up for auction. The New Zealand Historic Places Trust who own the building have decided that it is unsafe to try to repair it. 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At 5pm local time Radio New Zealand historic places Trust who own building... Demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes and other disasters is important consider... Of those who died were Christchurch or Canterbury residents with ties to the local community, with earthquake... Within one hour of the buildings in Christchurch were also used to transport Police VIP... Be on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes quake Map showing. English language students provided desalination plants to provide images and photographs of CTV... 57 ] on 23 February Police decided that it is difficult to find a sample! Been called in to help move people out of cracks from throughout Zealand! A problem for researchers of natural disasters was the most damaging in a multi-agency response the. Was written off was soon cast into doubt the TranzAlpine Service was terminating at Picton due to city. The council 's third home, was reduced to half of its tower, and bottled supplies sent. Much of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 earthquakes and their aftershocks can be.

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