, As of September 2017, of 125 towns and cities in Bengal, 76 have achieved open defecation free (ODF) status. The Lamas chant mantras and sound their bugles, and students, as well as people from every community, carry the holy books or pustaks on their heads. West Bengal sorted by population. In 2003 the state government supported the creation of West Bengal University of Technology, West Bengal University of Health Sciences, West Bengal State University, and Gour Banga University. The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is the first research institute in Asia. It also borders the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim and Assam. Besides Buddha Purnima, Dashain, or Dusshera, Holi, Diwali, Losar, Namsoong or the Lepcha New Year, and Losoong are the other major festivals of the Darjeeling Himalayan region. Among men, western dress has greater acceptance. The population density of the region is 2,670 inhabitants per square mile. than national average 382 per square km. The Vidyasagar College was established in 1872 and was the first purely Indian-run private college in India. Nadia district of West Bengal has total population of 5167600 as per the Census 2011. Bengali Hindus comprise the majority of the population. As of 2014–2015, per capita NSDP at current prices was Rs 78,903. Population, decadal growth rate and net change of West Bengal from 1901 to 2011. West Bengal is a state in India located along the Bay of Bengal. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister although the titular head of government is the Governor. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable. , West Bengal produces several varieties of cotton and silk saris in the country. , The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. West Bengal Population Census 2011, West Bengal Religion, …  The narrow Terai region separates the hills from the North Bengal plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south. Population of West Bengal - Located between Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal, West Bengal is fourth most populous state in India. In 2011, Bankura had population of 3,596,292 of […] Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. As per the Census India 2011, West Bengal has 20380315 households, population of 91276115 of which 46809027 are males and 44467088 are females. universal among the 6 to 14-year age group then drops to 70% with the 15 to 17-year age group.  The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males. It was absorbed into the Mughal Empire in 1576. Population Area (Ha) Density (P/Ha) Sex Ratio Literacy; 403316 17.96 22456 995 92.09% Population of South DumDum, District NORTH TWENTY FOUR PARGANAS in state WEST BENGAL, India. The most populous districts are North Twenty Four Parganas 1,00,82,852, South Twenty Four Parganas 81,53,176 and Barddhaman 77,23,663. , Durga Puja is the biggest, most popular and widely celebrated festival in West Bengal. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English and "Bangla" in Bengali. The average sex ratio in urban regions of West Bengal was 944 females per 1000 males. In 2001, literacy rate in West Bengal stood at 68.64 percent of which male and female were 77.02 percent and 59.61 percent literate respectively. , Bengali women commonly wear the sari, often distinctly designed according to local cultural customs. :18 As of 2006, the road density of the state was 103.69 kilometres per square kilometre (166.87 miles per square mile), higher than the national average of 74.7 km/km2 (120.2 mi/sq mi). One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE.  Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. Of 34,756,355 workers The main seasons are summer, the rainy season, a short autumn and winter.  The Teesta, Torsa, Jaldhaka and Mahananda rivers are in the northern hilly region. The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both 2001 and 2011 Census. , West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savanna in the southern portions to humid subtropical in the north. Sex Ratio etc. City Size and Population Density. literacy rate is 70.54% in West Bengal. administrative divisions. Kolkata is the only city in India to have trams as a mode of transport; these are operated by the Calcutta Tramways Company.  The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal.  In 1955 the former French enclave of Chandannagar, which had passed into Indian control after 1950, was integrated into West Bengal; portions of Bihar were also subsequently merged with West Bengal.  Calcutta, the headquarters of the East India company, was named the capital of British-held territories in India in 1773.  The stadium hosted the final match of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. Every district has weaving clusters, which are home to artisan communities, each specialising in specific varieties of handloom weaving. For example, the foothills of the Himalayas, the Dooars, are densely wooded with sal and other tropical evergreen trees. West Bengal ranks as the state with the maximum density of population in India and its area is 88,752 sq km. , Other higher education institutes of importance in West Bengal include: St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (the first IIM), Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (the first IIT), Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur (the first IIEST), Indian Institute of Information Technology, Kalyani, National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research, Kolkata, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Kolkata, and West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences.  The Northeast Frontier Railway (NFR) serves the northern parts of the state. The Durgapur centre has established a number of industries in the areas of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilisers. Get complete demographics about West Bengal.  A cold and dry northern wind blows in the winter, substantially lowering the humidity level. Here is the Population of West Bengal according to population percentage of districts in West Bengal. The population of West Bengal makes up 7.8% of India’s total population. Get the List of all villages in India sourced by Census 2011, information such as Population, Density, Area - India Village Directory , Some of the notable schools in the city are: Ramakrishna Mission Narendrapur, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission, Sister Nivedita Girls' School, Hindu School, Hare School, La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, St. James' School (Kolkata), South Point School, St. Xavier's Collegiate School, and Loreto House, Loreto Convent, Asansol some of which rank amongst the best schools in the country.  The state's 2001–2011 decennial population growth rate was 13.93%, lower than the 1991–2001 growth rate of 17.8% and lower than the national rate of 17.64%. In rural areas of West Bengal, male population was 31,844,945 30. while females were 44,467,088. There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school.  The tourism industry of West Bengal was negatively impacted in 2017 because of the Gorkhaland agitation. Contents: Agglomerations & Cities The population development of all urban agglomerations and single cities in West Bengal with more than 20,000 inhabitants by census years. Новини новини ФК Маестро.  Private FM stations are available only in cities like Kolkata, Siliguri, and Asansol.  According to the Indian epic Mahabharata the region was part of the Vanga Kingdom. West Bengal (/bɛnˈɡɔːl/) is a state in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. Murshidabad district of West Bengal has total population of 7103807 as per the Census 2011. With over 91 million Citizens (as of 2011), it is India’s fourth-most populous state.  The Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 resulted in an influx of millions of refugees to West Bengal, causing significant strains on its infrastructure. There are 6567150 houses in the West Bengal.  This was 7.317% of total India population.In this year, West Bengal population density was 1028.4 p/km². West Bengal is also home to indigenous tribal Adivasis such as: Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Bhumij, Lodha, Kol and Toto tribe.  Other notable figures include Kazi Nazrul Islam, whose compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works on contemporary social practices in Bengal are widely acclaimed, and Manik Bandyopadhyay, who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction. Abanindranath Tagore, called the father of modern Indian art, started the Bengal School of Art, one of whose goals was to promote the development of styles of art outside the European realist tradition that had been taught in art colleges under the British colonial administration.  Other major Bengali newspapers are: Bartaman, Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Jago Bangla, Uttarbanga Sambad and Ganashakti. There are two branches of government. Marwari, Maithili and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmos and ethnic Tibetans The total figure of population  Banerjee was re-elected as Chief Minister in the 2016 election in which Trinamool Congress won an absolute majority. Christians, Buddhists and others form a minuscule part of the population. involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. Monsoons bring rain to the whole state from June to September. West Bengal politics underwent a major change when the Left Front won the 1977 assembly election, defeating the incumbent Indian National Congress. As per the Census India 2011, Murshidabad district has 1570759 households, population of 7103807 of which 3627564 are males and 3476243 are females.  Today, the economy of West Bengal is the sixth-largest state economy in India with a gross state domestic product (GSDP) of ₹12.54 lakh crore (US$180 billion), and has the country's 23rd-highest GSDP per capita of ₹115,748 (US$1,600). There are numerous ways of cooking fish depending on its texture, size, fat content and bones. , In 1947, at the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal, which continued as an Indian state and East Bengal, a province of Pakistan, which came to be known be as East Pakistan and later became the independent Bangladesh.  Bengalis played a major role in the Indian independence movement, in which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. West Bengal, unlike most other states of India, is noted for its passion and patronage of football. District wise population of West Bengal. In 2011 there were total 1232282 families residing in Nadia district. University of Calcutta (Focus Area—Electro-Physiological and Neuro-imaging studies including mathematical modelling) has also been selected under the "Centre with Potential for Excellence in a Particular Area" scheme. , The capital and largest city of the state is Kolkata—the third-largest urban agglomeration and the seventh-largest city in India. City Size and Population Density. The population of West Bengal as per the 2011 census is 91,347,736 compared to 80,176,197 in the 2001 census. West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India. , The distribution of vegetation in northern West Bengal is dictated by elevation and precipitation. West Bengal is one of state in India with population of 91276115. :14 Tea is produced commercially in northern districts; the region is well known for Darjeeling and other high-quality teas. The Scottish Church College, the oldest Christian liberal arts college in South Asia, started in 1830.  Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. It is the headquarters of the Malda district as well as of the Malda division of West Bengal. These states have relatively less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.  From the early 1990s, new genres of music have emerged, including what has been called Bengali Jeebonmukhi Gaan (a modern genre based on realism). The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. In the 19th and 20th centuries, Bengali literature was modernised in the works of authors such as Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, whose works marked a departure from the traditional verse-oriented writings prevalent in that period; Michael Madhusudan Dutt, a pioneer in Bengali drama who introduced the use of blank verse; and Rabindranath Tagore, who reshaped Bengali literature and music. Broadband Internet is available in select towns and cities and is provided by the state-run BSNL and by other private companies. As per the Census 2011, West Bengal has population of 91276115 and area is spread in 88752 Km 2. It is the fourth most populous state in India and the fourteenth-largest Indian state by area. The state tourism department organises a gala Christmas Festival every year in Park Street. Images of Jagannath are set upon a chariot and pulled through the streets. The Indian National Army was subsequently routed by the British. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Bankura District of West Bengal.  After a period of anarchy,:36 the Pala dynasty ruled the region for four hundred years beginning in the 8th century. With over 91 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous state and the fourteenth-largest state by area in India.  In 1855 the Hindu College was renamed the Presidency College. The railway system is a nationalised service without any private investment. Simultaneously, some parts of the region were ruled by several Hindu states, and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, and part of it was briefly overrun by the Suri Empire. West Bengal Population according to latest Census 2011 is 9,13,47,736. km. , Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata, is the state's largest airport. 2011: Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq. Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. Thus the population Density of West Bengal is 1,028 ____is the largest district of West Bengal in size – (9,960 km 2) (a) South … West Bengal population density is 1028 Persons/Km 2 as per India Census 2011 data and sex ratio is 950 per 1000 Male. than national average of 943 females per 1000 males. School attendance is almost On this day, processions begin at the various Buddhist monasteries, or gumpas, and congregate at the Chowrasta (Darjeeling) Mall. greater  The failed Indian rebellion of 1857 started near Calcutta and resulted in a transfer of authority to the British Crown, administered by the Viceroy of India. engaged in Main Work, 4,203,767 were cultivators (owner or co-owner)  Extant wildlife includes Indian rhinoceros, Indian elephant, deer, leopard, gaur, tiger and crocodiles, as well as many bird species. There are a small number of ethnic minorities primarily in the state capital, including : Chinese, Tamils, Maharashtrians, Odias, Assamese, Malayalis, Gujaratis, Anglo-Indians, Armenians, Jews, Punjabis and Parsis. lower  All India Radio is a public radio station. 22% of women and 14% of men age 15–49 years have never attended school. A small coastal region is in the extreme south, while the Sundarbans mangrove forests form a geographical landmark at the Ganges delta.  Recognising its special conservation value, the Sundarbans area has been declared a Biosphere Reserve. Ferries are a principal mode of transport in the southern part of the state, especially in the Sundarbans area. The Hindu College was established in 1817. This makes them more populous than even a sizeable country such as neighbouring Bangladesh, an HT analysis shows. Total area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq.  The stadium is the home to various cricket teams such as the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Bengal cricket team and the East Zone. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. The Bose Institute, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute Durgapur, Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibers, National Institute of Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics (NIBMG), Kalyani, and the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre are the most prominent. , The University of Calcutta, the oldest and one of the most prestigious public universities in India, has 136 affiliated colleges.  The five-day-long colourful Hindu festival includes intense celebration across the state. Only 14% of women aged 15–49 years in West Bengal have completed 12 or more years of schooling, compared with 22% of men. West Bengal accounts for 7.55% of the total population of India. , Notable scholars who were born, worked, or studied in the geographic area of the state include physicists: Satyendra Nath Bose, Meghnad Saha, and Jagadish Chandra Bose; chemist Prafulla Chandra Roy; statisticians Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Anil Kumar Gain; physician Upendranath Brahmachari; educator Ashutosh Mukherjee; and Nobel laureates Rabindranath Tagore, C. V. Raman, Amartya Sen, and Abhijit Banerjee, In 2005 West Bengal had 505 published newspapers, of which 389 were in Bengali. Also prominent are Dwijendralal, Atulprasad and Rajanikanta's songs, and adhunik or modern music from films and other composers. Beginning in the mid-2000s, armed activists conducted minor terrorist attacks in some parts of the state. The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. Infrastructure Edit , Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town.  Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes in cities. Malda or English Bazar is a city in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the sixth largest city (urban agglomeration) in West Bengal. West Bengal Rural population is 62183113 and urban population is 29093002. , A notable music tradition is the Baul music, practised by the Bauls, a sect of mystic minstrels. People such as Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Alexander Duff and William Carey played leading roles in setting up modern schools and colleges in the city.  Scheduled castes and tribes form 28.6% and 5.8% of the population, respectively, in rural areas and 19.9% and 1.5%, respectively, in urban areas. The Kolkata Port Trust manages the Kolkata and the Haldia docks. Kazi Nazrul University was established in 2012. In most of the state, cycle rickshaws and in Kolkata, hand-pulled rickshaws and electric rickshaws are used for short-distance travel. Both West and East Bengal experienced large influxes of refugees during and after partition in 1947. As per the Census 2011, the total Population of West Bengal is 9.13 Cr. West Bengal is the fourth populous most state of India. Population growth of the state throughout the years has been strong and on the higher side with many people relocating over here from neighbouring areas.  Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. There are 19 districts, 360 Taluks, 40218 villages and 921 towns in West Bengal. Chhau dance of Purulia is a rare form of masked dance. Pandals are erected in various cities, towns, and villages throughout West Bengal.  Following widespread religious conflict, the Bengal Legislative Council and the Bengal Legislative Assembly voted on the Partition of Bengal in 1947 along religious lines into two independent dominions: West Bengal, a Hindu-majority Indian state, and East Bengal, a Muslim-majority province of Pakistan which later became the independent Bangladesh. Bolpur (M) town is situated in district BIRBHUM, WEST BENGAL. The University of Calcutta and Jadavpur University are prestigious technical universities.  The first recorded independent king of Bengal was Shashanka, who reigned in the early 7th century.  According to the Sri Lankan chronicle Mahavamsa, Prince Vijaya (c. 543 – c. 505 BCE), a Vanga Kingdom prince, conquered Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka) and named the country Sinhala Kingdom. males were 88.37% literate while female literacy stood at Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households.  The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. The most populous districts are North Twenty Four Parganas 1,00,82,852, South Twenty Four Parganas 81,53,176 and Barddhaman 77,23,663.  Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate, but following the Ghurid conquests led by Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, the Muslim faith spread across the entire Bengal region. Universal suffrage is granted to residents.  Although the economy was severely damaged during the unrest in the 1970s, the state has managed to revive its economy steadily throughout the years. , Eid al-Fitr is the most important Muslim festival in West Bengal. west bengal population density. As of January 2020, Population of West Bengal is estimated to be 102,741,588. Native Magahi speakers are found in Malda district.  Shashanka is often recorded in Buddhist annals as an intolerant Hindu ruler noted for his persecution of the Buddhists. , Politics in Bengal is dominated by the All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress, and the Left Front alliance (led by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI(M)). , When India gained independence in 1947, Bengal was partitioned along religious lines.  In 2019, another bill was passed by the government to include Kamtapuri, Kurmali and Rajbanshi as additional official languages in blocks, divisions or districts where the speakers exceed 10% of the population. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. There are 6567150 houses in the West Bengal. Notes: a. Vernacular newspapers such as those in Hindi, Nepali, Gujarati, Odia, Urdu and Punjabi are also read by a select readership.  Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society; Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu, Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. Population and Literacy statistics of the state West Bengal, India. Armed attempts against the British Raj from Bengal reached a climax when news of Subhas Chandra Bose leading the Indian National Army against the British reached Bengal. After Indian Independence, important groups such as the Calcutta Group and the Society of Contemporary Artists were formed in Bengal and came to dominate the art scene in India. 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of branch. 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