bombardment of yeonpyeong

2,000 boxes of emergency relief materials and more than 3,500 relief kits and boxes of food were sent to help residents recover. Kim and his son were reported to have visited the Kaemori artillery base, whence many of the North Korean shells were fired, the day before the attack. North Korea did not dispute or violate the line until 1973. However, the US pulled out of the joint exercise citing "scheduling conflicts",[22] though South Korean observers suggested that the real reason was the opposition of China, which regards a large portion of the Yellow Sea as its own territory. On the morning of 23 November 2010, North Korea reportedly "wired a complaint [to the South] ... asking whether (the [Hoguk] exercise) was an attack against the North." [41] It was the first artillery battle to take place between North and South Korea since the 1970s[42] and was seen as one of the most serious attacks by the North on the South since the 1953 Armistice. [69], The JoongAng Ilbo newspaper suggested that the attack had been ordered by Kim Jong-il himself. President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation.Lee Hong-gi of the JCS told the media that the attack had been a "premeditated, intentional illegal ... violation of the U.N. Convention, the Armis… [49] [50] [51] [52]. "[70][71], Images of the shelling were widely disseminated by media and across the internet. Several Asian currencies weakened against the euro and US$, while at the same time Asian stock markets declined. [65], North Korea's motives for the attack were unclear and were the subject of widespread speculation in the South and elsewhere. "[8] Under the provisions of the armistice, five Northwest Islands are specifically designated to remain under the jurisdiction of the United Nations. The bombardment took place in two waves, from 14:34 to 14:55 and again from 15:10 to 15:41. [9] The countries' western maritime boundary has long been a flash point between the two Koreas.[8]. [28] On the same day, South Korea and the United States began the annual Hoguk exercise, a large-scale military drill involving the South Korean and US militaries. image caption The bombardment of Yeonpyeong is the only time North Korea has deliberately attacked civilian territory since the Korean War. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Six other military personnel were seriously wounded, and ten were treated for minor injuries. [41] [42]. [57], President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation. Coordinates: 37°40′0″N 125°41′47″E / 37.666667°N 125.69639°E / 37.666667; 125.69639, The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. Currently, the main reminder of the bombardment of the island is the rubble of a house torn apart by the North’s shelling. English: The shelling of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. It warned that it would not tolerate firing in what it regarded as its territorial waters. [14] The countries' western maritime boundary has long been a flash point between the two Koreas. 14:40: South deploys four F-15K fighters. [32], South Korean KF-16 and F-15K jets were also scrambled to the area, though they did not engage North Korean targets. Following a South Korean artillery exercise in waters in the south, North Korean forces fired around 170 artillery shells and rockets at Yeonpyeong Island, hitting both military and civilian targets. NORTH'S bombardment of border island one of the most serious incidents since the Korean war. "[13] Under the provisions of the armistice, five Northwest Islands are specifically designated to remain under the jurisdiction of the United Nations. It had originally been intended that the United States Navy and Marine Corps would participate in a joint amphibious exercise in the Yellow (Western) Sea, west of South Korea. [54], Four days after the shelling, North Korea's KCNA said about the death of civilians that, "[i]f that is true, it is very regrettable, [...] [b]ut the enemy should be held responsible for the incident as it took such inhuman action as creating 'a human shield' by deploying civilians around artillery positions and inside military facilities. Two construction workers, Kim Chi-baek, 61, and Bae Bok-chul, 60, were also killed. [35], The South Korean government called the attack a "clear armed provocation." [5] South Korean counterstrikes ended at 16:42. The Kims had visited a nearby fish farm on 22 November in the company of various senior military figures. [44], North Korea states that it suffered no military casualties. [29] The chairman of the opposition Democratic Party urged the North Koreans to "stop all provocation that threaten the peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula". In 2002 one such incursion turned into a naval battle along the limit line. ", "NLL—Controversial Sea Border Between S.Korea, DPRK, ", "NLL – Controversial Sea Border Between S.Korea, DPRK", http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200211/21/eng20021121_107188.shtml, "Northern Limit Line (NLL) West Sea Naval Engagements", http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/nll.htm, "North Korea says naval skirmish was 'planned provocation' by South", http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/11/12/AR2009111203773.html, "North Korea's investigation into sinking of Cheonan decries 'conspiratorial farce'", http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/northkorea/8106770/North-Koreas-investigation-into-sinking-of-Cheonan-decries-conspiratorial-farce.html, "North Korea – Construction Of Nuclear Power Plant. There are about 30 other small islands nearby. The shelling damaged the island greatly. 14:38: South conducts emergency sorties with two KF-16 fighters. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. Van Dyke, Jon M., Mark J. Valencia and Jenny Miller Garmendia. [48][49] After a South Korean artillery practice on the island, North Korea fired about 170 shells at Yeonpyeong. Factbox: What is the Korean Northern Limit Line? Korea threatens 'enormous retaliation' after attack", http://www.cbc.ca/world/story/2010/11/23/korea-artillery-fire.html, "La Canada sollicité en cas de guerre en Corée? [72] The sight of burning houses and plumes of smoke prompted international reaction. [52] However, Lee Hong-gi, the Director of Operations of the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), claimed that as a result of the South Korean retaliation "there may be a considerable number of North Korean casualties". [15] The NLL was drawn up at a time when a three-nautical-mile territorial waters limit was the norm, but when in the 1970s a twelve nautical mile limit became internationally accepted, the implementation of the NLL prevented North Korea, in areas, from accessing, arguably actual or prospective, territorial waters. [43] The Incheon city authorities sent 22 fire engines and ambulances to the island, along with firefighters and paramedics, to help with the recovery and relief effort. image caption The bombardment of Yeonpyeong is the only time North Korea has deliberately attacked civilian territory since the Korean War. [36], At 14:34 local time, North Korean coastal artillery batteries on Mudo, and a recently redeployed 122-mm MLRs at Kaemori,[37] in North Korea's Hwanghae Province, opened fire on the island of Yeonpyeong. The 2010 sinking of the Cheonan and bombardment of Yeonpyeong Island pushed Seoul to the breaking point, with threats of retaliation that the DPRK apparently took seriously since it … It is also an inhumane atrocity, in which [North Korea] indiscriminately fired shells into unarmed civilian residential areas." [6], A western maritime line of military control between the two Koreas was established by United Nations Command (UNC) in 1953, called the Northern Limit Line (NLL). "[69] [70], In 2014, Robert Gates, who was United States Secretary of Defense during the incident, stated in his memoirs that the South Korean government planned a "disproportionately aggressive" military retaliation, "involving both aircraft and artillery". "[4] The South Korean Deputy Minister of Defense acknowledged that South Korean artillery units had been carrying out live-fire exercises, but denied that the shots had crossed into the North Korean sea area. [40] South Korean artillery fired 80 shells in total. Two South Korean marines died during the North Korean bombardment of Yeonpyeong Island on Nov. 23, 2010. President Lee instructed the South Korean military to strike North Korea's missile base near its coastal artillery positions if there were an indication of further provocation.Lee Hong-gi of the JCS told the media that the attack had been a "premeditated, intentional illegal violation of the U.N. Convention, the Armisti… Small number of fatalities and wounded suffered by the ROK; ROK civilian evacuation of Yeonpyeong. "[9] The South Korean Deputy Minister of Defense acknowledged that South Korean artillery units had been carrying out live-fire exercises, but denied that the shots had crossed into the North Korean sea area. [39], 20:35 – 21:10: South Korean President Lee Myung-bak meets with his Joint Chief of Staff. [63][64], On 28 November, South Korean news agency Yonhap News said that North Korea had readied surface-to-surface missiles as the United States and South Korea began military drills. The 2010 exercise involved 70,000 troops from all four branches of the South Korean military, equipped with 600 tracked vehicles, 90 helicopters, 50 warships, and 500 aircraft. [61] [62], On 28 November, South Korean news agency Yonhap News said that North Korea had readied surface-to-surface missiles as the United States and South Korea began military drills. [9] The United Nations declared it one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War. The usual firing range is 40km (30miles) by 20km (10miles) in size and runs parallel to the NLL to the south-west of Yeonpyeong Island.[28]. South Korea said it had returned fire and scrambled fighter jets in response to the attack from the north, and said bombardment of civilian areas violated the 1953 armistice halting the Korean War. [12][16] Later, after 1982, it also hindered North Korea establishing a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Exclusive Economic Zone to control fishing in the area. Except where otherwise indicated, Everything.Explained.Today is © Copyright 2009-2020, A B Cryer, All Rights Reserved. [22], In an effort to assert its territorial claims, North Korea has pursued a strategy of challenging South Korean control of the waters south of the NLL. North Korea – Construction Of Nuclear Power Plant. 08:20: North sends a telex message requesting a halt to the South's artillery training exercise. On November 23, 2010, the North Korea military opened fire at Yeonpyeong island of South Korea, claiming that a South Korean artillery exercise as an attack against the North. [16] [17], Days before the incident, the North Korean government revealed their new uranium enrichment facility,[18] [19] prompting the South Korean government to consider requesting that the United States station tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea for the first time in 19 years. Officially, the North Korean Foreign Ministry stated the North Korean bombardment was retaliation due to South Korea's shelling into sea that North Korea claims as its own. Currently, the main reminder of the bombardment of the island is the rubble of a house torn apart by the North's shelling. : A spokeswoman for the Foreign Ministry said that the country was concerned at the incident and that "Vietnam opposes the use of force or threatening to use force in international relations and any military action that causes harm to innocent civilians". South Korea retaliated by shelling North Korean gun positions. A fact from this article was featured on Wikipedia's Main Page in the On this day section on November 23, 2012. North Korea must be held accountable for all the losses." [65], One year after the event the South Korean military presence on the island had been substantially increased with the deployment of more K-9 howitzers, K-10 automatic ammunition re-supply vehicles, 130-millimeter, 36-round, truck-mounted Kuryong multiple rocket launchers and AH-1S Cobra attack helicopters. According to the local county office, 70 percent of the island's forests and fields were burned and 21 houses and warehouses and eight public buildings were destroyed in the bombardment. [11] Later, after 1982, it also hindered North Korea establishing a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Exclusive Economic Zone to control fishing in the area. North Korea bombs South Korea's Yeonpyeong Island Two South Korean soldiers were killed and a dozen injured after North Korea fired dozens … A building that was damaged by fire after the bombardment. [12] According to Time, "The North does not recognize the border that was unilaterally drawn by the United Nations at the close of the 1950–53 Korean War. Tensions surrounding the disputed Northern Limit Line are expected to heat up later this week as the second anniversary of the Yeonpyeong Island shelling approaches. This shelling followed a Southern military exercise in the area. [4], The incident caused an escalation of tension on the Korean Peninsula and prompted widespread international condemnation of the North's actions. [30] About 108 shells were fired total, according to a North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery. The attack started widespread fires on the island. Locations hit by the North Korean shelling of Daeyeonpyeong. 16:35 – 21:50: Foreign and National Security representatives have a meeting. The Northern Limit Lineis considered by South Korea as the sea boundary between itself and North Korea, while North Korea disagrees and states that the boundary is farther south. [12], The disputed maritime border between North and South Korea in the West Sea:[17]      A: United Nations-created Northern Limit Line, 1953[18]      B: North Korea-declared "Inter-Korean MDL", 1999[19] The locations of specific islands are reflected in the configuration of each maritime boundary, including, In 1999, North Korea drew up their own line, the "West Sea Military Demarcation Line" which claims a maritime boundary farther south that encompasses valuable fishing grounds (though it skirts around South Korean-held islands such as Yeonpyeong). Two South Korean Marines and two civilians were killed in the shelling, with eighteen others wounded. [44][45], (All times in Korea Standard Time: UTC+00.). According to a South Korean military official, shells fired as part of the exercise were directed at waters in the south, away from North Korea. 19:00: North Korea's Supreme Command of the Korean People's Army releases a statement labelled "Our Army is Making No Empty Talk" publicized through KCNA. [29], On the morning of 23 November 2010, North Korea reportedly "wired a complaint [to the South] ... asking whether (the [Hoguk] exercise) was an attack against the North." More than 50 homes caught fire because of the bombardment, and residents of the sparsely populated island scrambled for safety in a bomb … He called for "the two Koreas to begin talks to prevent the situation from worsening" and urged the government to protect the peace and safety of South Koreans. The South returned fire with 155 mm (6 in) K-9 self-propelled howitzers. [31] South Korean forces went ahead with a live-fire exercise in waters off Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island within South Korean-held territory. A spokesman for the ruling Grand National Party said: "It is impossible to hold our rage toward the North's shelling of the Yeonpyeong Island. [45] However, Lee Hong-gi, the Director of Operations of the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), claimed that as a result of the South Korean retaliation "there may be a considerable number of North Korean casualties". "[61], On 24 November, the US aircraft carrier USS George Washington departed for joint exercises in the Yellow Sea with the Republic of Korea Navy, in part to deter further North Korean military action but also to "send a message"[62] to China. 18:40: Lee Hong-gi, the South's Joint Chief of Staff Director of Operations, holds a press briefing. South Korean media reported that 5–10 North Korean soldiers had been killed and 30 wounded, and the National Intelligence Service suggests damage to North Korean troops had been considerable during the South Korean counter-battery fire. File Photo by Keizo Mori/UPI | License Photo [60] Lee Hong-gi of the JCS told the media that the attack had been a "premeditated, intentional illegal ... violation of the U.N. Convention, the Armistice Agreement and the inter-Korean non-aggression accord. [72] The sight of burning houses and plumes of smoke prompted international reaction.[73]. It is also an inhumane atrocity, in which [North Korea] indiscriminately fired shells into unarmed civilian residential areas." He said that the military had "strengthened our surveillance and monitoring to keep watch on North Korean military activities through close cooperation with the United States. For not once did you [receive] a word of apology for your sacrifice, and now the shelling of Yeonpyeong is being forgotten in the hearts of many.” Seo was among the four South Koreans who died during the bombardment on Nov. 23, 2010. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bombardment of Yeonpyeong". [26] South Korean Minister of National Defense, Kim Tae-young, said the firing was not part of the Hoguk exercise, but was a separate routine monthly drill carried out 4–5 km away from the NLL,[27] contrary to previous media reports. [7] According to Time, "The North does not recognize the border that was unilaterally drawn by the United Nations at the close of the 1950–53 Korean War. [58] The impact of the shelling on the financial industry led South Korea's central bank, the Bank of Korea, to hold an emergency meeting to assess the impact of the fighting on the markets. On 19 May 2013 the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff announced that "dozens" of Spike NLOS missiles had been deployed on Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island. For just over an hour, the North bombarded Yeonpyeong Island, killing two South Korean marines, injuring 16 more marines and injuring at least three civilians. On 19 May 2013 the South Korean Joint Chiefs of Staff announced that "dozens" of Spike NLOS missiles had been deployed on Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island. According to the local county office, 70 percent of the island's forests and fields were burned and 21 houses and warehouses and eight public buildings were destroyed in the bombardment. 15:12: North starts firing for the second time (20 shells, all of which landed on the island). [35], With power on Yeonpyeong knocked out and several fires breaking out as a result of the North Korean shelling, the South Korean military ordered civilians to evacuate to bunkers. [30] The North Korean government regards the exercises as preparation for a combined arms attack on the North. Initially, the South Koreans targeted barracks and command structures on Mudo, but began firing at the MRL at Kaemori about thirteen minutes later. The United Nations declared it to be one of the most serious incidents since the end of the Korean War,[5] and by December 18, former UN ambassador Bill Richardson said tensions had escalated to become "the most serious crisis on the Korean peninsula since the 1953 armistice, which ended the Korean War". [33] It was the first artillery battle to take place between North and South Korea since the 1970s[34] and was seen as one of the most serious attacks by the North on the South since the 1953 Armistice. Cookie policy. [50] Some of the public buildings were formerly military structures, leading the South Korean military to believe the attack was planned from old maps.[51]. The 2010 exercise involved 70,000 troops from all four branches of the South Korean military, equipped with 600 tracked vehicles, 90 helicopters, 50 warships, and 500 aircraft. Kim and his son were reported to have visited the Kaemori artillery base, whence many of the North Korean shells were fired, the day before the attack. He said that the military had "strengthened our surveillance and monitoring to keep watch on North Korean military activities through close cooperation with the United States. Currently, the main reminder of the bombardment of the island is the rubble of a house torn apart by the North's shelling. North Korea bombs South Korea's Yeonpyeong Island. "My primary guess is that this is a response to the recent international prestige taken by South Korea at the G20. The Yellow Sea—known as the West Sea to Koreans—along the west coast of the Korean Peninsula has been the scene of numerous naval incidents between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea (ROK) since the signing of the Korean War Armistice Agreement on … [24][25], Days before the incident, the North Korean government revealed their new uranium enrichment facility,[26][27] prompting the South Korean government to consider requesting that the United States station tactical nuclear weapons in South Korea for the first time in 19 years. The United States contributed its 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit and the Seventh Air Force to the land and sea elements of the exercise.[21]. [32] The usual firing range is 40 kilometres (22 nmi) by 20 kilometres (11 nmi) in size and runs parallel to the NLL to the south-west of Yeonpyeong Island. [2] Following a South Korean artillery exercise in waters in the south, North Korean forces fired around 170 artillery shells and rockets at Yeonpyeong Island, hitting both military and civilian targets. Dogyun, Kim; Steward, Phil (24 November 2010). The South Korean government called the attack a "clear armed provocation." Several Asian currencies weakened against the euro and U.S. dollar, while at the same time Asian stock markets declined. South Korea retaliated by shelling North Korean gun positions. "[59], On 24 November, the US aircraft carrier departed for joint exercises in the Yellow Sea with the Republic of Korea Navy, in part to deter further North Korean military action but also to "send a message"[60] to China. Initially, the South Koreans targeted barracks and command structures on Mudo,[37] but began firing at the MLRS at Kaemori about thirteen minutes later. And so, against the backdrop of large-scale military exercises conducted by the South Korean Army to get on North Korea’s nerves, and in which up to 70,000 people took part, on November 23rd, 2010 North Korean artillery opened fire on the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong. [38] About 108 shells were fired total, according to a North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery. Three of the six K9 Thunder 155mm guns stationed on Yeonpyong returned fire, while two were damaged and one blocked by a dud shell. [32] On November 23, 2010, North Korean artillery shelled Yeonpyeong with dozens of rounds at Yeonpyeong-ri and the surrounding area. Robert Kelly, an assistant professor at Pusan National University in South Korea, says that Seoul's increasing global stature may have provoked Pyongyang. [53] A North Korean defector who had served in an artillery battery, however, stated that the South had likely failed to destroy the North Korean artillery batteries due to its slow response. The main South Korean political parties condemned the North's attack. The White House described the attack as an ‘outrageous act’. The shelling caused a number of casualties among South Koreans living on Yeongpyeong. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. [23] South Korean forces went ahead with a live-fire exercise in waters off Baengnyeong Island and Yeonpyeong Island within South Korean-held territory. 14:47: South fires back with the first round of K-9 howitzers (50 shells). On 25 November, South Korea's defense minister, Kim Tae-young, announced his resignation after he was criticized for leading a response to the incident considered too passive by members of both the ruling and opposition political parties. [47] [48] Satellite images released by STRATFOR cast doubt on effectiveness of South Korean artillery and damage dealt to North as asserted by JCS and NIS. The shelling caused widespread damage on the island, killing four South Koreans and injuring 19. [5] Following a South Korean artillery exercise in waters in the south, North Korean forces fired around 170 artillery shells and rockets at Yeonpyeong Island, hitting both military and civilian targets. The North Koreans are believed to have fired around 170 rounds from a multiple-rocket launcher, hitting various spots on the larger of the two Yeonpyeong islands including a village and South Korean military installations. [54][55] Notably, however, there is little to no evidence in support of South Korean casualty claims. La Canada sollicité en cas de guerre en Corée? The United States contributed its 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit and the Seventh Air Force to the land and sea elements of the exercise. The North Koreans are believed to have fired around 170 rounds from a multiple-rocket launcher, hitting various spots on the larger of the two Yeonpyeong islands including a village and South Korean military installations. The bombardment of Yeonpyeong was an artillery engagement between the North Korean military and South Korean forces stationed on Yeonpyeong Island on 23 November 2010. [3], The shelling caused widespread damage on the island, killing four South Koreans and injuring 19. As Southern military exercise in the aftermath of the North 's military was placed on its highest non-wartime alert the... Landed on the North 's bombardment of Yeonpyeong island on Nov. 23, 2010,... 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And two civilians were killed one of the island, killing four Koreans! [ 35 ], North Korea must be held accountable for All the losses. a Marine colonel on island! `` South Korean shells being fired into North Korean government called the attack started widespread fires on the North bombardment., killing four South Koreans watch the North 's need for food aid the 60th Regiment Pukchang. Away by South Korea or the United states contributed its 31st Marine Expeditionary Unit and the bombardment of yeonpyeong Force!

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