Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, London School of Economics and Political Science, Headquarters for the Protection of Russian Schools, non-official languages of the European Union, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, "The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia", "At home Latvian is spoken by 62% of Latvian population; the majority – in Vidzeme and Lubāna county", "Minority education: statistics and trends", "Valsts valoda – Agrāk spēkā bijušie likumi", European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, Law on status of member of republican city or municipality council — See Section 4, "Constitutional Court of Latvia judgment in case No. Those who fail to show needed level during inspections can be fined. In the year 2008 the Latvian economy suffered an economic crisis, however, now it has fully recovered. Totally, there are six levels and two lists of professions (longer for the public sector and shorter for the private sector), classified by needed level. Some speak both languages, some speak both plus English, and some only speak one or the other. The majority of Latvians adhere to Christianity—mainly Lutheranism, Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodoxy. What Are The Biggest Industries In Latvia? According to the same 1998 Education Law, the tertiary education in public colleges and universities has to be in Latvian only since 1999 (it had to be basically in Latvian since the second year, according to 1992 Law on Languages, Section 11). revisit language policy, aiming to better reflect the multilingual character of society; facilitate use of minority languages in written correspondence between people belonging to the national minorities and authorities; be flexible in the introduction of bilingual education; give priority to constructive and non-obligatory measures, encouraging the Russian-speaking population to learn and use Latvian. ", The official language (valsts valoda, literally state language) in Latvia is Latvian; this status has been explicitly defined since 1988. Watch the clip below to find out … Names and surnames in Latvian-issued documents are formed in Latvianized form, according to Section 19. note: data represent language usually spoken at home Definition: This entry provides a listing of languages spoken in each country and specifies any that are official national or regional languages. ), the last Latgalian newspaper was closed. These languages were introduced into the country by immigrants from Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine during the period when the country was under Soviet occupation between 1940 and 1990. , In the first post-Soviet census in 2000, 1,311,093 persons in Latvia reported Latvian as their mother tongue, representing the vast majority of the estimated 1.5 million Latvian speakers worldwide. The Latvian language belongs to the Indo-European language family and of the eastern Baltic language side. Lithuanian is the most popular language in the country, with over 3 million native Lithuanian speakers. Valodas politika — vai 2004. gada reformas dziļākais pamatojums ir objektīvi analizēts? The official national language in Lithuania is Lithuanian, which is also used as an official language in the European Union. State had acknowledged public use of Latgalian. What Is The Official Language Of Latvia? Until a judgement of the Constitutional Court upon request of 24 ForHRUL MPs (delivered in 2003), broadcasting in minority languages was limited for private TV and radio (originally within 30%, since 1998 within 25%). These two languages are similar, the differences are primarily in phonetics and vocabulary, less so in morphology.  The ratification took place in 2005. International organizations have recommended to Latvia on various occasions to: Modern monolingual street plates for Krāsotāji Street and Mūrnieki Street in. Century ) the people of Latvia coastal, with long stretches of sandy beaches labour market shows demand! 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